Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994
1994 c. 33 - continued

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SCHEDULE 10
Section 168(2).  
  Consequential Amendments
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        1.    In section 2 of the [1679 c. 2.] Habeas Corpus Act 1679 (bail for persons released from custody under habeas corpus while awaiting trial), after the words "brought as aforesaid shall" there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994,".
 
Evidence of accused in criminal proceedings
        2.    In section 1 of the [1898 c. 36.] Criminal Evidence Act 1898 (competency of accused to give evidence in criminal proceedings), proviso (b) shall be omitted.
 
Evidence of accused in criminal proceedings
        3.    In section 1 of the [1923 c. 9 (N.I.).] Criminal Evidence Act (Northern Ireland) 1923 (competency of accused to give evidence in criminal proceedings)—
     (a) after the words "Provided as follows:—" there shall be inserted the following proviso—
      " (a) A person so charged shall not be called as a witness in pursuance of this Act except upon his own application;"
    ;
     (b) proviso (b) shall be omitted.
 
Responsibility for fine for breach of requirements of secure training order
        4.    In section 55(1A) of the [1933 c. 12.] Children and Young Persons Act 1933 (power of court to order parent or guardian to pay fine imposed on child or young person), after paragraph (b) there shall be inserted the following paragraph—
  " (c) a court would impose a fine on a child or young person under section 4(3) of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 (breach of requirements of supervision under secure training order),"
.
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        5.    In section 56(3) of the [1933 c. 12.] Children and Young Persons Act 1933 (powers of courts remitting young offenders to youth court), after the word "may" there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994,".
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide or rape cases
        6.    In section 37(1) of the [1948 c. 58.] Criminal Justice Act 1948 (power of High Court to grant bail on case stated or application for certiorari)—
     (a) in paragraph (b), after the word "may" there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994," and
     (b) in paragraph (d), after the word "may" there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994,".
 
Modernisation of "servant" in Prison Act
        7.    In section 3(1) of the [1952 c. 52.] Prison Act 1952 (officers and servants at prisons), for the word "servants" there shall be substituted the words "employ such other persons".
 
Use of young offender institutions as secure training centres
        8.    In section 37(4) of the Prison Act 1952 (prisons not deemed closed where used as remand centres etc.), at the end, there shall be inserted the words "or secure training centre".
 
Young offenders absconding from secure training centres
        9.—(1) Section 49 of the [1952 c. 52.] Prison Act 1952 (persons unlawfully at large) shall be amended as follows.

    (2) In subsection (1), after the words "young offenders institution" there shall be inserted the words "or a secure training centre".

    (3) In subsection (2), for the words between "detained in a" and "is unlawfully" there shall be substituted the words "young offenders institution or in a secure training centre".

    (4) In subsection (2), in proviso (a), for the words after "prison" there shall be substituted the words "remand centre, young offenders institution or secure training centre".
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        10.    In section 4(2) of the [1960 c. 65.] Administration of Justice Act 1960 (power of High Court to grant bail to persons appealing to the House of Lords), after the words "Divisional Court shall" there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994,".
 
Young offenders: application of prison rules
        11.    In section 23(4) of the [1961 c. 39.] Criminal Justice Act 1961 (which applies provisions relating to prison rules to other institutions), before the words "and remand centres" there shall be inserted the words "secure training centres".
 
Young offenders: transfer, supervision and recall within British Islands
        12.—(1) Part III of the [1961 c. 39.] Criminal Justice Act 1961 (transfer, supervision and recall within British Islands) shall have effect with the following amendments.

    (2) In section 29—
     (a) in subsection (1), for the words from "youth custody centre" to "young offenders institution" there shall be substituted the words "or institution for young offenders to which this subsection applies"
     (b) after subsection (2), there shall be inserted the following subsection—
      "(2A) The institutions for young offenders to which subsection (1) above applies are the following: a remand centre, young offenders institution or secure training centre and, in Northern Ireland, a young offenders centre."
    .
    (3) In section 30—
     (a) in subsection (3), for the words between "prison" and "in any part" there shall be substituted the words "or institution for young offenders to which this subsection applies"
     (b) after subsection (3), there shall be inserted the following subsection—
      "(3A) The institutions for young offenders to which subsection (3) above applies are the following: a young offenders institution or secure training centre and, in Northern Ireland, a young offenders centre."
    .
    (4) In section 32, in subsection (2), after paragraph (k), there shall be inserted the following paragraph—
  " (l) sections 1 and 3 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994."
.

    (5) In section 38(3), for paragraph (a), there shall be substituted the following paragraph—
  " (a) the expression "imprisonment or detention" means imprisonment, custody for life, detention in a young offenders institution or in a secure training centre or detention under an equivalent sentence passed by a court in the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man;"
.
 
Payment of damages by police authority
        13.    In section 48(4) of the [1964 c. 48.] Police Act 1964 (payment by police authority of damages awarded against constables), after the words "section 14 of this Act" there shall be inserted the words "or section 141 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994".
 
Cross-border enforcement: extension of protection
        14.    In section 51 of the [1964 c. 48.] Police Act 1964 (assaults on, and obstruction of, constables), after subsection (3), there shall be inserted the following subsection—
  "(4) This section also applies to a constable who is a member of a police force maintained in Scotland or Northern Ireland when he is executing a warrant or otherwise acting in England or Wales by virtue of any enactment conferring powers on him in England and Wales."
.
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        15.    In section 22(1) of the [1967 c. 80.] Criminal Justice Act 1967 (power of High Court to grant bail), after the word "may", there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994,".
 
Young offenders: detention under secure training order
        16.    Section 67 of the [1967 c. 80.] Criminal Justice Act 1967 (computation of sentences of imprisonment or detention passed in England and Wales) shall be amended by the insertion in subsection (5), after paragraph (b), of the following paragraph—
  " (c) to secure training orders under section 1 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994;"
.
 
Payment of damages by Scottish police authority
        17.    In section 39(4) of the [1967 c. 77.] Police (Scotland) Act 1967 (payment by police authority of damages awarded against constables), after the words "section 11 of this Act" there shall be inserted the words "or section 141 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994".
 
Assaults on constables etc.
        18.    In section 41 of the Police (Scotland) Act 1967 (assaults on constables etc.), after subsection (2), there shall be inserted the following subsection—
  "(3) This section also applies to a constable who is a member of a police force maintained in England and Wales or in Northern Ireland when he is executing a warrant or otherwise acting in Scotland by virtue of any enactment conferring powers on him in Scotland."
.
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        19.    In section 8(2)(a) of the [1968 c. 19.] Criminal Appeal Act 1968 (powers of Court of Appeal on retrial), after the words "custody or" there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994,".
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        20.    In section 11(5) of the Criminal Appeal Act 1968 (powers of Court of Appeal on quashing interim hospital order), after the word "may" there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994,".
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        21.    In section 16(3)(b) of the Criminal Appeal Act 1968 (powers of Court of Appeal on allowing an appeal against a finding that a person is under a disability), after the word "may" there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994,".
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        22.    In section 19(1) of the Criminal Appeal Act 1968 (power of Court of Appeal to grant bail), after the word "may", there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994,".
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        23.    In section 36 of the Criminal Appeal Act 1968 (power of Court of Appeal to grant bail on appeal by defendant), after the word "may" there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994".
 
Young offenders: possession of firearms
        24.—(1) The [1968 c. 27.] Firearms Act 1968 shall be amended as follows.

    (2) In section 21 (possession of firearms by persons previously convicted of crime)—
     (a) in subsection (2), after the word "Scotland" there shall be inserted the words "or who has been subject to a secure training order" and
     (b) for subsection (2A) there shall be substituted—
      "(2A) For the purposes of subsection (2) above, "the date of his release" means—
       (a) in the case of a person sentenced to imprisonment with an order under section 47(1) of the Criminal Law Act 1977 (prison sentence partly served and partly suspended), the date on which he completes service of so much of the sentence as was by that order required to be served in prison;
       (b) in the case of a person who has been subject to a secure training order— (i) the date on which he is released from detention under the order; (ii) the date on which he is released from detention ordered under section 4 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994; or (iii) the date halfway through the total period specified by the court in making the order,whichever is the later.
    "
    .
    (3) In section 52(1) (forfeiture and disposal of firearms), in paragraph (a), after the word "Scotland" there shall be inserted the words "or is subject to a secure training order".
 
Cross-border enforcement: extension of protection
        25.    In section 7 of the [1968 c. 28 (N.I.).] Criminal Justice (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (Northern Ireland) 1968 (assaults on, and obstruction of, constables), after subsection (3), there shall be inserted the following subsection—
  "(4) This section also applies to a constable who is a member of a police force maintained in England and Wales or Scotland when he is executing a warrant or otherwise acting in Northern Ireland by virtue of any statutory provision conferring powers on him in Northern Ireland."
.
 
Sexual offences: male rape
        26.    In section 9(2) of the [1968 c. 31.] Theft Act 1968 (offences which if intended by a trespasser constitute burglary), for the words "raping any woman" there shall be substituted the words "raping any person".
 
Payment of damages by Police Authority for Northern Ireland
        27.    In section 14(5) of the [1970 c. 9 (N.I.).] Police Act (Northern Ireland) 1970 (payment by Police Authority of damages awarded against persons serving with the Royal Ulster Constabulary), for the words "section 19" there shall be substituted the words "section 141 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994".
 
Jury service: penalty for serving when not qualified
        28.    In section 20(5) of the [1974 c. 23.] Juries Act 1974 (offences in connection with jury service), at the end of paragraph (d) there shall be inserted
  " or
   (e) knowing that he is not qualified for jury service by reason of section 40 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994, serves on a jury,"
.
 
Custody officers: ineligibility for jury service
        29.    In Part I of Schedule 1 to the [1974 c. 23.] Juries Act 1974, in Group B (ineligibility for jury service of certain persons concerned with the administration of justice), after the entry for prisoner custody officers within the meaning of Part IV of the [1991 c. 53.] Criminal Justice Act 1991, there shall be inserted the following entry—
  "Custody officers within the meaning of Part I of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994"
.
 
Rehabilitation of offenders subject to secure training orders
        30.    In section 5(6) of the [1974 c. 53.] Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (rehabilitation periods for particular sentences), after paragraph (c), there shall be inserted the following paragraph, preceded by the word "or"—
  " (d) a secure training order under section 1 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994;"
.
 
Prisoner custody officers: ineligibility for jury service
        31.    In Schedule 2 to the [S.I. 1974/2143 (N.I. 6).] Juries (Northern Ireland) Order 1974 (exemptions from jury service) in the group headed "Persons connected with the administration of justice", at the end there shall be inserted—
  "Prisoner custody officers within the meaning of section 122(1) of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994."
.
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        32.    In section 4 of the [1976 c. 63.] Bail Act 1976 (entitlement to bail), after subsection (7), there shall be inserted the following subsection—
  "(8) This section is subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 (exclusion of bail in cases of homicide and rape)."
.
 
Police bail: variation by magistrates
        33.    In section 4(2) of the [1976 c. 63.] Bail Act 1976 (occasions for implementation of right to bail), in paragraph (b), after the words "for bail" there shall be inserted the words "or for a variation of the conditions of bail".
 
Bail: no right for persons offending while on bail
        34.    In Part III of Schedule 1 to the Bail Act 1976, in paragraph 2, at the end, there shall be inserted the words " and so as respects the reference to an offence committed by a person on bail in relation to any period before the coming into force of paragraph 2A of Part 1 of this Schedule.".
 
Sexual offences: male rape
        35.—(1) The [1976 c. 82.] Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act 1976 shall be amended as follows.

    (2) In section 1(2) (reasonable grounds for belief in consent to intercourse), after the word "woman" there shall be inserted the words "or man".

    (3) In section 2(3) (restrictions on evidence at trials for rape etc.), after the word "woman" there shall be inserted the words "or man".

    (4) In section 7(2) (interpretation of terms used in the Act)—
     (a) the words from "references" to "only);" shall be omitted; and
     (b) for the words "and section 46 of that Act" there shall be substituted the words "section 46 of the Sexual Offences Act 1956".
 
Sexual offences: male rape
        36.—(1) Section 4 of the [1976 c. 82.] Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act 1976 (anonymity of complainants in rape etc. cases) shall be amended as follows.

    (2) In subsection (1)—
     (a) in paragraph (a)—
       (i) after the word "woman" in both places where it occurs there shall be inserted the words "or man"
       (ii) for the words "woman's name nor her address" there shall be substituted the words "name nor the address of the woman or man"
       (iii) after the words "of her" there shall be inserted the words "or him"
       (iv) for the words "her lifetime" there shall be substituted the words "that person's lifetime" and
       (v) for the words "identify her" there shall be substituted the words "identify that person" and
     (b) in paragraph (b)—
       (i) after the word "woman" there shall be inserted the words "or man" and
       (ii) for the words "her lifetime" there shall be substituted the words "that person's lifetime".
    (3) In subsection (5A), after the word "woman" there shall be inserted the words "or man".

    (4) In subsection (5B), for the words "woman's peace or comfort" there shall be substituted the words "peace or comfort of the woman or man".

    (5) In subsection (6), in the definition of "complainant", after the word "woman" there shall be inserted the words "or man".
 
Indecent photographs etc.
        37.—(1) The [1978 c. 37.] Protection of Children Act 1978 shall be amended as follows.

    (2) In section 2(3), after the words "proceedings under this Act" there shall be inserted the words "relating to indecent photographs of children".

    (3) In section 4—
     (a) in subsection (1), after the word "photograph" there shall be inserted the words "or pseudo-photograph" and
     (b) in subsection (2), after the word "photographs" there shall be inserted the words "or pseudo-photographs".
    (4) In section 5(2), (5) and (6), after the word "photographs" there shall be inserted the words "or pseudo-photographs".
 
Indecent photographs etc. (Northern Ireland)
        38.—(1) The [S.I. 1978/1047 (N.I.17).] Protection of Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 shall be amended as follows.

    (2) In Article 4(1)—
     (a) after the word "photograph" there shall be inserted the words "or pseudo-photograph" and
     (b) after the word "photographs" there shall be inserted the words "or pseudo-photographs".
    (3) In Article 5(3) and (5), after the word "photographs" there shall be inserted the words "or pseudo-photographs".

    (4) In Article 6(1), after the word "photographs" there shall be inserted the words "or pseudo-photographs".

    (5) In Article 7(1), after the word "Order" there shall be inserted the words "relating to indecent photographs of children".
 
Secure training orders: absence of accused
        39.    In section 11(3) of the [1980 c. 43.] Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (certain sentences and orders not to be made in absence of accused), after the word "make" there shall be inserted the words "a secure training order or".
 
Procedure for young offenders in cases of grave crimes
        40.    In section 24(1)(a) of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (exception to summary trial of children or young persons) the words "he has attained the age of 14 and" shall be omitted.
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        41.    In section 29(4)(b) of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (person under 18 remitted to youth court for trial), after the word "may" there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994,".
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        42.    In section 37(1) of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (committal to Crown Court for sentence), after the word "may" there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994,".
 
Police bail
        43.    In section 43(1) of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (bail under the [1984 c. 60.] Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984), after the words "bail under" there shall be inserted the words "Part IV of".
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide or rape cases
        44.    In section 113(1) of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (power of magistrates' court to grant bail on appeal to Crown Court or by way of case stated), after the word "may" there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994,".
 
Prisoner custody officers: ineligibility for jury service
        45.    In Part I of Schedule 1 to the [1980 c. 55.] Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Scotland) Act 1980 (which makes ineligible for jury service persons connected with the administration of justice), in Group B, after paragraph (o) there shall be inserted the following paragraph—
  " (oo) prisoner custody officers within the meaning of section 114(1) of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994;"
.
 
Young offenders: detention in the custody of a constable and others
        46.    In section 6 of the [1980 c. 57.] Imprisonment (Temporary Provisions) Act 1980 (detention in the custody of a constable)—
     (a) in subsection (1), after the words "remand centre" there shall be inserted the words "secure training centre"
     (b) in subsection (2), after the words "remand centre" there shall be inserted the words "secure training centre" and
     (c) after the subsection (3) inserted by section 94 of this Act, there shall be inserted the following subsection—
      "(4) Any reference in this section to a constable includes a reference to a custody officer (within the meaning of section 12 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994) acting in pursuance of escort arrangements (within the meaning of Schedule 1 to that Act)."
    .
 
Detention by constables and officers of a prison etc.: maximum period
        47.    In section 2 of the [1980 c. 62.] Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1980 (detention and questioning at police station etc.)—
     (a) at the beginning of subsection (3A) there shall be inserted "Subject to subsection (3B) below," and
     (b) after subsection (3A) there shall be inserted the following subsection—
      "(3B) Subsection (3A) above shall not apply in relation to detention under section 41(3) of the Prisons (Scotland) Act 1989 (detention in relation to introduction etc. into prison of prohibited article), but where a person was detained under section 41(3) immediately prior to his detention under subsection (1) above the period of six hours mentioned in subsection (2) above shall be reduced by the length of that earlier detention."
    .
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        48.    In section 81(1) of the [1981 c. 54.] Supreme Court Act 1981 (power of Crown Court to grant bail), after the word "may", there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994,".
 
Young offenders: legal representation
        49.    In section 3(1) of the [1982 c. 48.] Criminal Justice Act 1982 (restriction on certain sentences where offender not legally represented), after paragraph (d) there shall be inserted the following paragraph, preceded by the word "or"—
  " (e) make a secure training order,"
.
 
Young offenders: early release
        50.    In section 32 of the [1982 c. 48.] Criminal Justice Act 1982 (early release by order of classes of prisoners and other persons), after subsection (7), there shall be inserted the following subsection—
  "(7A) Subsections (1) and (4) above shall apply in relation to secure training centres and persons detained in such centres as they apply, by virtue of section 43(5) of the Prison Act 1952, to young offenders institutions and to persons detained in such institutions."
.
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        51.    In section 51(4) of the [1983 c. 20.] Mental Health Act 1983 (power of court to remit or release on bail detained person), after the words "above or" there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994,".
 
Video recordings
        52.—(1) The [1984 c. 39.] Video Recordings Act 1984 shall be amended as follows.

    (2) In section 13, after subsection (2), there shall be inserted the following subsection—
  "(3) A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale."
.

    (3) For section 15 there shall be substituted the following section—

"Time limit for prosecutions.

        15.    —  (1) No prosecution for an offence under this Act shall be brought after the expiry of the period of three years beginning with the date of the commission of the offence or one year beginning with the date of its discovery by the prosecutor, whichever is earlier.

    (2) In Scotland, the reference in subsection (1) above to the date of discovery by the prosecutor shall be construed as a reference to the date on which evidence sufficient in the opinion of the Lord Advocate to warrant proceedings came to his knowledge.

    (3) For the purposes of subsection (2) above—
     (a) a certificate signed by the Lord Advocate or on his behalf and stating the date on which evidence came to his knowledge shall be conclusive evidence of that fact;
     (b) a certificate purporting to be signed as mentioned in paragraph (a) above shall be presumed to be so signed unless the contrary is proved; and
     (c) a prosecution shall be deemed to be brought on the date on which a warrant to apprehend or to cite the accused is granted provided that the warrant is executed without undue delay.

"
.
 
Interim possession order: power of entry
        53.    In section 17 of the [1984 c. 60.] Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (police powers of entry to effect arrest etc.)—
     (a) in subsection (1)(c), after sub-paragraph (iii), there shall be inserted the following sub-paragraph—
      " (iv) section 76 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 (failure to comply with interim possession order);"
    ;
     (b) in subsection (3), after the words "subsection (1)(c)(ii)" there shall be inserted the words
      "or (iv)"
    .
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        54.    In section 38(1) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (duty of custody officer to release on bail or without bail after charge), after the word "shall" there shall be inserted the words ", subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994,".
 
Searches of persons detained at police stations
        55.    In section 54(1)(b) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (searches of persons detained at police stations), for the words "under section 47(5) above" there shall be substituted the words ", as a person falling within section 34(7), under section 37 above".
 
Fingerprinting: speculative searches
        56.    In section 61 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (which regulates the taking of fingerprints)—
     (a) after subsection (7) there shall be inserted the following subsection—
      "(7A) If a person's fingerprints are taken at a police station, whether with or without the appropriate consent—
       (a) before the fingerprints are taken, an officer shall inform him that they may be the subject of a speculative search; and
       (b) the fact that the person has been informed of this possibility shall be recorded as soon as is practicable after the fingerprints have been taken.
    "
    ; and
     (b) in subsection (8), after the word "them" there shall be inserted the words
      "and, in the case falling within subsection (7A) above, the fact referred to in paragraph (b) of that subsection"
    .
 
Intimate samples: speculative searches
        57.    In section 62 of the [1984 c. 60.] Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (which regulates the taking of intimate body samples)—
     (a) after subsection (7) there shall be inserted the following subsection—
      "(7A) If an intimate sample is taken from a person at a police station—
       (a) before the sample is taken, an officer shall inform him that it may be the subject of a speculative search; and
       (b) the fact that the person has been informed of this possibility shall be recorded as soon as practicable after the sample has been taken.
    "
    ; and
     (b) in subsection (8), after the words "subsection (7)" there shall be inserted the words
      "or (7A)"
    .
 
Non-intimate samples: speculative searches
        58.    In section 63 of the [1984 c. 60.] Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (which regulates the taking of non-intimate body samples)—
     (a) after the subsection (8A) inserted by section 55 of this Act, there shall be inserted the following subsection—
      "(8B) If a non-intimate sample is taken from a person at a police station, whether with or without the appropriate consent—
       (a) before the sample is taken, an officer shall inform him that it may be the subject of a speculative search; and
       (b) the fact that the person has been informed of this possibility shall be recorded as soon as practicable after the sample has been taken.
    "
    ; and
     (b) in subsection (9), after the words "(8A)" there shall be inserted the words
      "or (8B)"
    .
 
Sexual offences: male rape and buggery
        59.    In Part I of Schedule 5 to the [1984 c. 60.] Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (serious arrestable offences mentioned in section 116(2)(a) of that Act), for item 7 (buggery) there shall be substituted—


    "    7.    Buggery with a person under the age of 16."
.
 
Trespassory assemblies
        60.    In section 15(1) of the [1986 c. 64.] Public Order Act 1986 (delegation of functions), for "14" there shall be substituted "14A".
 
Inferences from accused's silence
        61.—(1) The [S.I. 1988/1987 (N.I.20).] Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1988 shall be amended as follows.

    (2) In Article 3(1)(a), after the word "questioned" there shall be inserted the words "under caution".

    (3) In Article 4—
     (a) in paragraph (1)—
       (i) for the words "to (7)" there shall be substituted the words "and (4)"
       (ii) in sub-paragraph (b), the words "be called upon to" shall be omitted;
       (iii) for the words from "if" onwards there shall be substituted the words ", at the conclusion of the evidence for the prosecution, his legal representative informs the court that the accused will give evidence or, where he is unrepresented, the court ascertains from him that he will give evidence"
     (b) for paragraphs (2) and (3) there shall be substituted the following paragraph—
      "(2) Where this paragraph applies, the court shall, at the conclusion of the evidence for the prosecution, satisfy itself (in the case of proceedings on indictment conducted with a jury, in the presence of the jury) that the accused is aware that the stage has been reached at which evidence can be given for the defence and that he can, if he wishes, give evidence and that, if he chooses not to give evidence, or having been sworn, without good cause refuses to answer any question, it will be permissible for the court or jury to draw such inferences as appear proper from his failure to give evidence or his refusal, without good cause, to answer any question."
    ;
     (c) in paragraph (4)—
       (i) at the beginning there shall be inserted the words "Where this paragraph applies,"
       (ii) in sub-paragraph (a), for the words "from the refusal as appear proper" there shall be substituted the words "as appear proper from the failure of the accused to give evidence or his refusal, without good cause, to answer any question"
     (d) in paragraph (5), for the words "refusal to be sworn" there shall be substituted the words "failure to do so" and
     (e) paragraphs (9) and (10) shall be omitted.
    (4) In Article 5(1)(b), for the words "the constable" there shall be substituted the words
  "that or another constable investigating the case"
.

    (5) In Article 5(2), after sub-paragraph (a), for the word "and" there shall be substituted the following sub-paragraph—
  " (aa) a judge, in deciding whether to grant an application made by the accused under Article 5 of the Criminal Justice (Serious Fraud)(Northern Ireland) Order 1988 (application for dismissal of charge where a case of fraud has been transferred from a magistrates' court to the Crown Court under Article 3 of that Order); and"
.

    (6) In Article 5, after paragraph 3, there shall be inserted the following paragraph—
  "(3A) This Article applies in relation to officers of customs and excise as it applies in relation to constables."
.

    (7) In Article 6(1)(b), for the words "the constable" there shall be substituted the words "that or another constable investigating the case".

    (8) In Article 6(2), after sub-paragraph (a), for the word "and" there shall be substituted the following sub-paragraph—
  " (aa) a judge, in deciding whether to grant an application made by the accused under Article 5 of the Criminal Justice (Serious Fraud) (Northern Ireland) Order 1988 (application for dismissal of charge where a case of fraud has been transferred from a magistrates' court to the Crown Court under Article 3 of that Order); and"
.

    (9) In Article 6, after paragraph 2, there shall be inserted the following paragraph—
  "(2A) This Article applies in relation to officers of customs and excise as it applies in relation to constables."
.

    (10) In Article 6(3), for the words "do so" there shall be substituted the words "comply with the request".
 
Samples: application to terrorist suspects
        62.—(1) The [1989 c. 4.] Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989 shall be amended as provided in sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) below.

    (2) In section 15 (provisions supplementary to powers to arrest and detain suspected persons), after subsection (10), there shall be inserted the following subsections—
  "(11) Section 62(1) to (11) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (regulation of taking of intimate samples) shall apply to the taking of an intimate sample from a person under subsection (9) above as if—
     (a) for subsection (2) there were substituted—
      "(2) An officer may only give an authorisation under subsection (1) or (1A) above for the taking of an intimate sample if he is satisfied that it is necessary to do so in order to assist in determining—
       (a) whether that person is or has been concerned in the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism to which section 14 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989 applies; or
       (b) whether he is subject to an exclusion order under that Act;
    or if the officer has reasonable grounds for suspecting that person's involvement in an offence under any of the provisions mentioned in subsection (1)(a) of that section and for believing that an intimate sample will tend to confirm or disprove his involvement"
    ; and
     (b) in subsection (6), after the word "includes", there were inserted the words
      "where relevant"
    .
  (12) In this section, "intimate sample" has the same meaning as in section 65 of the [1984 c. 60.] Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984.
  (13) Section 63(1) to (9) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (regulation of taking of non-intimate samples) shall apply to the taking of a non-intimate sample from a person by a constable under subsection (9) above as if—
     (a) for subsection (4) there were substituted—
      "(4) An officer may only give an authorisation under subsection (3) above for the taking of a non-intimate sample if he is satisfied that it is necessary to do so in order to assist in determining—
       (a) whether that person is or has been concerned in the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism to which section 14 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989 applies; or
       (b) whether he is subject to an exclusion order under that Act;
    or if the officer has reasonable grounds for suspecting that person's involvement in an offence under any of the provisions mentioned in subsection (1)(a) of that section and for believing that a non-intimate sample will tend to confirm or disprove his involvement"
    ; and
     (b) in subsection (7), after the word "includes" there were inserted the words
      "where relevant"
    .
  (14) In this section, "non-intimate sample" has the same meaning as in section 65 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984."
.

    (3) In Schedule 5, in paragraph 7 (provisions supplementary to powers to detain persons pending examination etc.), after sub-paragraph (6), there shall be inserted the following sub-paragraphs—
  "(6A) Section 62(1) to (11) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (regulation of taking of intimate samples) shall apply to the taking of an intimate sample from a person under sub-paragraph (5) above as if—
     (a) for subsection (2) there were substituted—
      "(2) An officer may only give an authorisation under subsection (1) or (1A) above for the taking of an intimate sample if he is satisfied that it is necessary to do so in order to assist in determining—
       (a) whether that person is or has been concerned in the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism to which paragraph 2 of Schedule 5 to the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989 applies; or
       (b) whether he is subject to an exclusion order under that Act; or
       (c) whether there are grounds for suspecting that he has committed an offence under section 8 of that Act
    "
    ; and
     (b) in subsection (6), after the word "includes", there were inserted the words
      "where relevant"
    .
  (6B) In this paragraph, "intimate sample" has the same meaning as in section 65 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984.
  (6C) Section 63 (1) to (9) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (regulation of taking of non-intimate samples) shall apply to the taking of a non-intimate sample from a person by a constable under sub-paragraph (5) above as if—
     (a) for subsection (4) there were substituted—
      "(4) An officer may only give an authorisation under subsection (3) above for the taking of a non-intimate sample if he is satisfied that it is necessary to do so in order to assist in determining—
       (a) whether that person is or has been concerned in the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism to which paragraph 2 of Schedule 5 to the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989 applies;
       (b) whether he is subject to an exclusion order under that Act; or
       (c) whether there are grounds for suspecting that he has committed an offence under section 8 of that Act
    "
    ; and
     (b) in subsection (7), after the word "includes", there were inserted the words
      "where relevant"
    .
  (6D) In this paragraph, "non-intimate sample" has the same meaning as in section 65 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984."
.

    (4) In consequence of the foregoing amendments—
     (a) in section 62 of the [1984 c. 60.] Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (which regulates the taking of intimate body samples), at the end there shall be inserted the following subsection—
      "(12) Nothing in this section, except as provided in section 15(11) and (12) of, and paragraph 7(6A) and (6B) of Schedule 5 to, the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989, applies to a person arrested or detained under the terrorism provisions."
    ;
     (b) in section 63 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (which regulates the taking of non-intimate body samples), at the end there shall be inserted the following subsection—
      "(10) Nothing in this section, except as provided in section 15(13) and (14) of, and paragraph 7(6C) and (6D) of Schedule 5 to, the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989, applies to a person arrested or detained under the terrorism provisions."
    ; and
     (c) in section 28(2) of the [1989 c. 4.] Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989 (extent), in paragraph (b) (provisions extending only to England and Wales), after the words "section 15(10)" there shall be inserted the words "to (14)" and after the words "paragraph 7(6)" there shall be inserted the words
      "to (6D)"
    .
    (5) For the purposes of section 27 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989 (temporary provisions), the amendments made by this paragraph shall be treated, as from the time when those amendments come into force, as having been continued in force by the order under subsection (6) of that section which has effect at that time.
 
Prevention of terrorism: consents for prosecutions etc.
        63.—(1) The Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989 shall be amended as follows.

    (2) In section 17(1)(b) (purposes of investigations), for the words "section 21(4) of that Act" there shall be substituted the words "section 28(3) of that Act".

    (3) In section 19(1) (consents required for prosecutions), after paragraph (a), there shall be inserted the following paragraph—
  " (aa) in England and Wales for an offence under section 13A, 16A or 16B except by or with the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions;"
.

    (4) In section 28(2) (extent), in paragraph (a) (provisions not extending to Northern Ireland), for the words "and section 15(1)", there shall be substituted the words ", sections 13A and 15(1) and Part IVA".

    (5) For the purposes of section 27 (temporary provisions), the amendments made by this paragraph shall be treated, as from the time when those amendments come into force, as having been continued in force by the order under subsection (6) of that section which has effect at that time.
 
Young offenders: powers to search and to test for drugs
        64.    In section 19(4) of the [1989 c. 45.] Prisons (Scotland) Act 1989 (remand centres and young offenders institutions), for the words "and 41" there shall be substituted the words "41, 41A and 41B".
 
Non-appearance of accused: plea of guilty
        65.    In section 20(1A) of the [1991 c. 53.] Criminal Justice Act 1991 (power of court to make financial circumstances order in absence of accused where guilty plea notified), for the words "section 12(2)" there shall be substituted the words "section 12(4)".
 
Young offenders: secure training order a custodial sentence
        66.    In section 31(1) of the [1991 c. 53.] Criminal Justice Act 1991 (which defines, amongst other expressions, "custodial sentence"), in paragraph (b) of that definition, after the words "1982 Act", there shall be inserted the words, "or a secure training order under section 1 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994".
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        67.    In section 40(3)(b) of the Criminal Justice Act 1991 (committal for sentence of offender convicted of offence during currency of original sentence), at the beginning, there shall be inserted the words "subject to section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994,".
 
Contracted out prisons: exclusion of search powers
        68.    In section 87(3) of the [1952 c. 52.] Criminal Justice Act 1991 (provisions of Prison Act 1952 not applying to contracted out prisons), after the word "officers)" there shall be inserted the words "and section 8A (powers of search by authorised employees)".
 
Testing prisoners for drugs: director's function
        69.    In section 87(4) of the Criminal Justice Act 1991 (certain functions as governor to be functions of director of contracted out prisons), after "13(1)" insert "16A".
 
The Parole Board
        70.    For Schedule 5 to the Criminal Justice Act 1991 (supplementary provisions about the Parole Board) there shall be substituted the following Schedule—
  "
  The Parole Board: Supplementary Provisions
 
Status and capacity


        1.    —  (1) The Board shall not be regarded as the servant or agent of the Crown or as enjoying any status, immunity or privilege of the Crown; and the Board's property shall not be regarded as property of, or held on behalf of, the Crown.

    (2) It shall be within the capacity of the Board as a statutory corporation to do such things and enter into such transactions as are incidental to or conducive to the discharge of its functions under Part II of this Act.
 
Membership


        2.    —  (1) The Board shall consist of a chairman and not less than four other members appointed by the Secretary of State.

    (2) The Board shall include among its members—
     (a) a person who holds or has held judicial office;
     (b) a registered medical practitioner who is a psychiatrist;
     (c) a person appearing to the Secretary of State to have knowledge and experience of the supervision or after-care of discharged prisoners; and
     (d) a person appearing to the Secretary of State to have made a study of the causes of delinquency or the treatment of offenders.


    (3) A member of the Board—
     (a) shall hold and vacate office in accordance with the terms of his appointment;
     (b) may resign his office by notice in writing addressed to the Secretary of State;
and a person who ceases to hold office as a member of the Board shall be eligible for re-appointment.
 
Payments to members


        3.    —  (1) The Board may pay to each member such remuneration and allowances as the Secretary of State may determine.

    (2) The Board may pay or make provision for paying to or in respect of any member such sums by way of pension, allowances or gratuities as the Secretary of State may determine.

    (3) If a person ceases to be a member otherwise than on the expiry of his term of office and it appears to the Secretary of State that there are special circumstances that make it right that he should receive compensation, the Secretary of State may direct the Board to make to that person a payment of such amount as the Secretary of State may determine.

    (4) A determination or direction of the Secretary of State under this paragraph requires the approval of the Treasury.
 
Proceedings


        4.    —  (1) Subject to the provisions of section 32(5) of this Act, the arrangements relating to meetings of the Board shall be such as the Board may determine.

    (2) The arrangements may provide for the discharge, under the general direction of the Board, of any of the Board's functions by a committee or by one or more of the members or employees of the Board.

    (3) The validity of the proceedings of the Board shall not be affected by any vacancy among the members or by any defect in the appointment of a member.
 
Staff


        5.    —  (1) The Board may appoint such number of employees as it may determine.

    (2) The remuneration and other conditions of service of the persons appointed under this paragraph shall be determined by the Board.

    (3) Any determination under sub-paragraph (1) or (2) shall require the approval of the Secretary of State given with the consent of the Treasury.

    (4) The Employers' Liability (Compulsory Insurance) Act 1969 shall not require insurance to be effected by the Board.


        6.    —  (1) Employment with the Board shall be included among the kinds of employment to which a scheme under section 1 of the Superannuation Act 1972 can apply, and accordingly in Schedule 1 to that Act (in which those kinds of employment are listed) at the end of the list of Other Bodies there shall be inserted—
  "Parole Board."
.

    (2) The Board shall pay to the Treasury, at such times as the Treasury may direct, such sums as the Treasury may determine in respect of the increase attributable to this paragraph in the sums payable under the Superannuation Act 1972 out of money provided by Parliament.
 
Financial provisions


        7.    —  (1) The Secretary of State shall pay to the Board—
     (a) any expenses incurred or to be incurred by the Board by virtue of paragraph 3 or 5; and
     (b) with the consent of the Treasury, such sums as he thinks fit for enabling the Board to meet other expenses.


    (2) Any sums required by the Secretary of State for making payments under sub-paragraph (1) shall be paid out of money provided by Parliament.
 
Authentication of Board's seal


        8.    The application of the seal of the Board shall be authenticated by the signature of the Chairman or some other person authorised for the purpose.
 
Presumption of authenticity of documents issued by Board


        9.    Any document purporting to be an instrument issued by the Board and to be duly executed under the seal of the Board or to be signed on behalf of the Board shall be received in evidence and shall be deemed to be such an instrument unless the contrary is shown.
 
Accounts and audit


        10.    —  (1) It shall be the duty of the Board—
     (a) to keep proper accounts and proper records in relation to the accounts;
     (b) to prepare in respect of each financial year a statement of accounts in such form as the Secretary of State may direct with the approval of the Treasury; and
     (c) to send copies of each such statement to the Secretary of State and the Comptroller and Auditor General not later than 31st August next following the end of the financial year to which the statement relates.


    (2) The Comptroller and Auditor General shall examine, certify and report on each statement of accounts sent to him by the Board and shall lay a copy of every such statement and of his report before each House of Parliament.

    (3) In this paragraph, "financial year" means the period beginning with the date on which the Board is incorporated and ending with the next following 31st March, and each successive period of twelve months.
 
Reports


        11.    The Board shall as soon as practicable after the end of each financial year make to the Secretary of State a report on the performance of its functions during the year; and the Secretary of State shall lay a copy of the report before Parliament."
.
 
Bail: exclusion in homicide and rape cases
        71.    In Schedule 6 to the [1991 c. 53.] Criminal Justice Act 1991 (procedure on notice of transfer in certain cases involving children), in paragraph 2(1), after the word "1976" where it occurs first there shall be inserted the words ", section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994".
 
Probation officers for offenders subject to secure training orders
        72.    In section 4 of the [1993 c. 47.] Probation Service Act 1993 (functions of probation committee)—
     (a) in subsection (1), after paragraph (d), there shall be inserted the following paragraph—
      " (dd) to make arrangements for the selection, from the probation officers appointed for or assigned to a petty sessions area within their probation area, of an officer to supervise any person subject to supervision by a probation officer under a secure training order (within the meaning of section 1 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994) naming as that petty sessions area the petty sessions area within which the person to be supervised resides for the time being;"
    ; and
     (b) in subsection (4), for the words "paragraph (c) or (d)" there shall be substituted the words
      "paragraph (c), (d) or (dd)"
    .
 
Secure training orders: cost of supervision by probation officer
        73.    In section 17 of the [1993 c. 47.] Probation Service Act 1993 (probation committee expenditure)—
     (a) in subsection (1), for the words "and (5)" there shall be substituted the words "(5) and (5A)" and
     (b) after subsection (5) there shall be inserted the following subsection—
      "(5A) Nothing in sections 18 or 19 requires there to be paid out of the metropolitan police fund or defrayed by a local authority any expenses of a probation committee which are defrayed by the Secretary of State under section 3(6) of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994."
    .
 
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