Royal Arms Data Protection Act 1998

1998 Chapter 29


© Crown Copyright 1998

Acts of Parliament printed from this website are printed under the superintendence and authority of the Controller of HMSO being the Queen's Printer of Acts of Parliament.

The legislation contained on this web site is subject to Crown Copyright protection. It may be reproduced free of charge provided that it is reproduced accurately and that the source and copyright status of the material is made evident to users.

It should be noted that the right to reproduce the text of Acts of Parliament does not extend to the Queen's Printer imprints which should be removed from any copies of the Act which are issued or made available to the public. This includes reproduction of the Act on the Internet and on intranet sites. The Royal Arms may be reproduced only where they are an integral part of the original document.

The text of this Internet version of the Act is published by the Queen's Printer of Acts of Parliament and has been prepared to reflect the text as it received Royal Assent. A print version is also available and is published by The Stationery Office Limited as the Data Protection Act 1998 , ISBN 0 10 542998 8. The print version may be purchased by clicking here. Braille copies of this Act can also be purchased at the same price as the print edition by contacting TSO Customer Services on 0870 600 5522 or

Further information about the publication of legislation on this website can be found by referring to the Frequently Asked Questions.

To ensure fast access over slow connections, large documents have been segmented into "chunks". Where you see a "continue" button at the bottom of the page of text, this indicates that there is another chunk of text available.

Data Protection Act 1998

1998 Chapter 29


1.Basic interpretative provisions.
2.Sensitive personal data.
3.The special purposes.
4.The data protection principles.
5.Application of Act.
6.The Commissioner and the Tribunal.

7.Right of access to personal data.
8.Provisions supplementary to section 7.
9.Application of section 7 where data controller is credit reference agency.
10.Right to prevent processing likely to cause damage or distress.
11.Right to prevent processing for purposes of direct marketing.
12.Rights in relation to automated decision-taking.
13.Compensation for failure to comply with certain requirements.
14.Rectification, blocking, erasure and destruction.
15.Jurisdiction and procedure.

17.Prohibition on processing without registration.
18.Notification by data controllers.
19.Register of notifications.
20.Duty to notify changes.
22.Preliminary assessment by Commissioner.
23.Power to make provision for appointment of data protection supervisors.
24.Duty of certain data controllers to make certain information available.
25.Functions of Commissioner in relation to making of notification regulations.
26.Fees regulations.

28.National security.
29.Crime and taxation.
30.Health, education and social work.
31.Regulatory activity.
32.Journalism, literature and art.
33.Research, history and statistics.
34.Information available to the public by or under enactment.
35.Disclosures required by law or made in connection with legal proceedings etc.
36.Domestic purposes.
37.Miscellaneous exemptions.
38.Powers to make further exemptions by order.
39.Transitional relief.

40.Enforcement notices.
41.Cancellation of enforcement notice.
42.Request for assessment.
43.Information notices.
44.Special information notices.
45.Determination by Commissioner as to the special purposes.
46.Restriction on enforcement in case of processing for the special purposes.
47.Failure to comply with notice.
48.Rights of appeal.
49.Determination of appeals.
50.Powers of entry and inspection.

Functions of Commissioner
51.General duties of Commissioner.
52.Reports and codes of practice to be laid before Parliament.
53.Assistance by Commissioner in cases involving processing for the special purposes.
54.International co-operation.

Unlawful obtaining etc. of personal data
55.Unlawful obtaining etc. of personal data.

Records obtained under data subject's right of access
56.Prohibition of requirement as to production of certain records.
57.Avoidance of certain contractual terms relating to health records.

Information provided to Commissioner or Tribunal
58.Disclosure of information.
59.Confidentiality of information.

General provisions relating to offences
60.Prosecutions and penalties.
61.Liability of directors etc.

Amendments of Consumer Credit Act 1974
62.Amendments of Consumer Credit Act 1974.

63.Application to Crown.
64.Transmission of notices etc. by electronic or other means.
65.Service of notices by Commissioner.
66.Exercise of rights in Scotland by children.
67.Orders, regulations and rules.
68.Meaning of "accessible record".
69.Meaning of "health professional".
70.Supplementary definitions.
71.Index of defined expressions.
72.Modifications of Act.
73.Transitional provisions and savings.
74.Minor and consequential amendments and repeals and revocations.
75.Short title, commencement and extent.

    Schedule 1-The data protection principles.
    Part I-The principles.
    Part II-Interpretation of the principles in Part I.
    Schedule 2-Conditions relevant for purposes of the first principle: processing of any personal data.
    Schedule 3-Conditions relevant for purposes of the first principle: processing of sensitive personal data.
    Schedule 4-Cases where the eighth principle does not apply.
    Schedule 5-The Data Protection Commissioner and the Data Protection Tribunal.
    Part I-The Commissioner.
    Part II-The Tribunal.
    Part III-Transitional provisions.
    Schedule 6-Appeal proceedings.
    Schedule 7-Miscellaneous exemptions.
    Schedule 8-Transitional relief.
    Part I-Interpretation of Schedule.
    Part II-Exemptions available before 24th October 2001.
    Part III-Exemptions available after 23rd October 2001 but before 24th October 2007.
    Part IV-Exemptions after 23rd October 2001 for historical research.
    Part V-Exemption from section 22.
    Schedule 9-Powers of entry and inspection.
    Schedule 10-Further provisions relating to assistance under section 53.
    Schedule 11-Educational records.
    Schedule 12-Accessible public records.
    Schedule 13-Modifications of Act having effect before 24th October 2007.
    Schedule 14-Transitional provisions and savings.
    Schedule 15-Minor and consequential amendments.
    Schedule 16-Repeals and revocations.
    Part I-Repeals.
    Part II-Revocations.

  Other UK Acts |  Home |  Scotland Legislation |  Wales Legislation |  Northern Ireland Legislation |  Her Majesty's Stationery Office

We welcome your comments on this site
© Crown copyright 1998
Prepared 24 July 1998