Data Protection Act 1998
1998 Chapter 29 - continued
PART VI, MISCELLANEOUS AND GENERAL - continued

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Information provided to Commissioner or Tribunal
Disclosure of information.     58. No enactment or rule of law prohibiting or restricting the disclosure of information shall preclude a person from furnishing the Commissioner or the Tribunal with any information necessary for the discharge of their functions under this Act.
 
Confidentiality of information.     59. - (1) No person who is or has been the Commissioner, a member of the Commissioner's staff or an agent of the Commissioner shall disclose any information which-
 
 
    (a) has been obtained by, or furnished to, the Commissioner under or for the purposes of this Act,
 
    (b) relates to an identified or identifiable individual or business, and
 
    (c) is not at the time of the disclosure, and has not previously been, available to the public from other sources,
  unless the disclosure is made with lawful authority.
 
      (2) For the purposes of subsection (1) a disclosure of information is made with lawful authority only if, and to the extent that-
 
 
    (a) the disclosure is made with the consent of the individual or of the person for the time being carrying on the business,
 
    (b) the information was provided for the purpose of its being made available to the public (in whatever manner) under any provision of this Act,
 
    (c) the disclosure is made for the purposes of, and is necessary for, the discharge of-
 
      (i) any functions under this Act, or
 
      (ii) any Community obligation,
 
    (d) the disclosure is made for the purposes of any proceedings, whether criminal or civil and whether arising under, or by virtue of, this Act or otherwise, or
 
    (e) having regard to the rights and freedoms or legitimate interests of any person, the disclosure is necessary in the public interest.
      (3) Any person who knowingly or recklessly discloses information in contravention of subsection (1) is guilty of an offence.
 
 
General provisions relating to offences
Prosecutions and penalties.     60. - (1) No proceedings for an offence under this Act shall be instituted-
 
 
    (a) in England or Wales, except by the Commissioner or by or with the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions;
 
    (b) in Northern Ireland, except by the Commissioner or by or with the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions for Northern Ireland.
      (2) A person guilty of an offence under any provision of this Act other than paragraph 12 of Schedule 9 is liable-
 
 
    (a) on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or
 
    (b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine.
      (3) A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 12 of Schedule 9 is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.
 
      (4) Subject to subsection (5), the court by or before which a person is convicted of-
 
 
    (a) an offence under section 21(1), 22(6), 55 or 56,
 
    (b) an offence under section 21(2) relating to processing which is assessable processing for the purposes of section 22, or
 
    (c) an offence under section 47(1) relating to an enforcement notice,
  may order any document or other material used in connection with the processing of personal data and appearing to the court to be connected with the commission of the offence to be forfeited, destroyed or erased.
 
      (5) The court shall not make an order under subsection (4) in relation to any material where a person (other than the offender) claiming to be the owner of or otherwise interested in the material applies to be heard by the court, unless an opportunity is given to him to show cause why the order should not be made.
 
Liability of directors etc.     61. - (1) Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a body corporate and is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of any director, manager, secretary or similar officer of the body corporate or any person who was purporting to act in any such capacity, he as well as the body corporate shall be guilty of that offence and be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
 
      (2) Where the affairs of a body corporate are managed by its members subsection (1) shall apply in relation to the acts and defaults of a member in connection with his functions of management as if he were a director of the body corporate.
 
      (3) Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a Scottish partnership and the contravention in question is proved to have occurred with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of, a partner, he as well as the partnership shall be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
 
 
Amendments of Consumer Credit Act 1974
Amendments of Consumer Credit Act 1974.     62. - (1) In section 158 of the Consumer Credit Act 1974 (duty of agency to disclose filed information)-
 
 
    (a) in subsection (1)-
 
      (i) in paragraph (a) for "individual" there is substituted "partnership or other unincorporated body of persons not consisting entirely of bodies corporate", and
 
      (ii) for "him" there is substituted "it",
 
    (b) in subsection (2), for "his" there is substituted "the consumer's", and
 
    (c) in subsection (3), for "him" there is substituted "the consumer".
      (2) In section 159 of that Act (correction of wrong information) for subsection (1) there is substituted-
 
 
    "(1) Any individual (the "objector") given-
 
 
    (a) information under section 7 of the Data Protection Act 1998 by a credit reference agency, or
 
    (b) information under section 158,
  who considers that an entry in his file is incorrect, and that if it is not corrected he is likely to be prejudiced, may give notice to the agency requiring it either to remove the entry from the file or amend it."
 
      (3) In subsections (2) to (6) of that section-
 
 
    (a) for "consumer", wherever occurring, there is substituted "objector", and
 
    (b) for "Director", wherever occurring, there is substituted "the relevant authority".
      (4) After subsection (6) of that section there is inserted-
 
 
    "(7) The Data Protection Commissioner may vary or revoke any order made by him under this section.
 
      (8) In this section "the relevant authority" means-
 
 
    (a) where the objector is a partnership or other unincorporated body of persons, the Director, and
 
    (b) in any other case, the Data Protection Commissioner."
      (5) In section 160 of that Act (alternative procedure for business consumers)-
 
 
    (a) in subsection (4)-
 
      (i) for "him" there is substituted "to the consumer", and
 
      (ii) in paragraphs (a) and (b) for "he" there is substituted "the consumer" and for "his" there is substituted "the consumer's", and
 
    (b) after subsection (6) there is inserted-
 
    "(7) In this section "consumer" has the same meaning as in section 158."
 
 
General
Application to Crown.     63. - (1) This Act binds the Crown.
 
      (2) For the purposes of this Act each government department shall be treated as a person separate from any other government department.
 
      (3) Where the purposes for which and the manner in which any personal data are, or are to be, processed are determined by any person acting on behalf of the Royal Household, the Duchy of Lancaster or the Duchy of Cornwall, the data controller in respect of those data for the purposes of this Act shall be-
 
 
    (a) in relation to the Royal Household, the Keeper of the Privy Purse,
 
    (b) in relation to the Duchy of Lancaster, such person as the Chancellor of the Duchy appoints, and
 
    (c) in relation to the Duchy of Cornwall, such person as the Duke of Cornwall, or the possessor for the time being of the Duchy of Cornwall, appoints.
      (4) Different persons may be appointed under subsection (3)(b) or (c) for different purposes.
 
      (5) Neither a government department nor a person who is a data controller by virtue of subsection (3) shall be liable to prosecution under this Act, but section 55 and paragraph 12 of Schedule 9 shall apply to a person in the service of the Crown as they apply to any other person.
 
Transmission of notices etc. by electronic or other means.     64. - (1) This section applies to-
 
 
    (a) a notice or request under any provision of Part II,
 
    (b) a notice under subsection (1) of section 24 or particulars made available under that subsection, or
 
    (c) an application under section 41(2),
  but does not apply to anything which is required to be served in accordance with rules of court.
 
      (2) The requirement that any notice, request, particulars or application to which this section applies should be in writing is satisfied where the text of the notice, request, particulars or application-
 
 
    (a) is transmitted by electronic means,
 
    (b) is received in legible form, and
 
    (c) is capable of being used for subsequent reference.
      (3) The Secretary of State may by regulations provide that any requirement that any notice, request, particulars or application to which this section applies should be in writing is not to apply in such circumstances as may be prescribed by the regulations.
 
Service of notices by Commissioner.     65. - (1) Any notice authorised or required by this Act to be served on or given to any person by the Commissioner may-
 
 
    (a) if that person is an individual, be served on him-
 
      (i) by delivering it to him, or
 
      (ii) by sending it to him by post addressed to him at his usual or last-known place of residence or business, or
 
      (iii) by leaving it for him at that place;
 
    (b) if that person is a body corporate or unincorporate, be served on that body-
 
      (i) by sending it by post to the proper officer of the body at its principal office, or
 
      (ii) by addressing it to the proper officer of the body and leaving it at that office;
 
    (c) if that person is a partnership in Scotland, be served on that partnership-
 
      (i) by sending it by post to the principal office of the partnership, or
 
      (ii) by addressing it to that partnership and leaving it at that office.
      (2) In subsection (1)(b) "principal office", in relation to a registered company, means its registered office and "proper officer", in relation to any body, means the secretary or other executive officer charged with the conduct of its general affairs.
 
      (3) This section is without prejudice to any other lawful method of serving or giving a notice.
 
 
 
 
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Prepared 24 July 1998