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|Theft Act 1968 (c. 60)|
1968 c. 60
Basic definition of theft.— (1) A person is guilty of theft if he dishonestly appropriates property belonging to another with the intention of permanently depriving the other of it; and “thief” and “steal” shall be construed accordingly.
“Dishonestly”— (1) A person’s appropriation of property belonging to another is not to be regarded as dishonest—
if he appropriates the property in the belief that he has in law the right to deprive the other of it, on behalf of himself or of a third person; or
if he appropriates the property in the belief that he would have the other’s consent if the other knew of the appropriation and the circumstances of it; or
(except where the property came to him as trustee or personal representative) if he appropriates the property in the belief that the person to whom the property belongs cannot be discovered by taking reasonable steps.
“Appropriates”.— (1) Any assumption by a person of the rights of an owner amounts to an appropriation, and this includes, where he has come by the property (innocently or not) without stealing it, any later assumption of a right to it by keeping or dealing with it as owner.
“Property”.— (1) “Property” includes money and all other property, real or personal, including things in action and other intangible property.
when he is a trustee or personal representative, or is authorised by power of attorney, or as liquidator of a company, or otherwise, to sell or dispose of land belonging to another, and he appropriates the land or anything forming part of it by dealing with it in breach of the confidence reposed in him; or
when he is not in possession of the land and appropriates anything forming part of the land by severing it or causing it to be severed, or after it has been severed; or
when, being in possession of the land under a tenancy, he appropriates the whole or part of any fixture or structure let to be used with the land.
“Belonging to another”.— (1) Property shall be regarded as belonging to any person having possession or control of it, or having in it any proprietary right or interest (not being an equitable interest arising only from an agreement to transfer or grant an interest).
“With the intention of permanently depriving the other of it”.— (1) A person appropriating property belonging to another without meaning the other permanently to lose the thing itself is nevertheless to be regarded as having the intention of permanently depriving the other of it if his intention is to treat the thing as his own to dispose of regardless of the other’s rights; and a borrowing or lending of it may amount to so treating it if, but only if, the borrowing or lending is for a period and in circumstances making it equivalent to an outright taking or disposal.
Theft.A person guilty of theft shall on conviction on indictment be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding [F1 seven years].
Robbery.— (1) A person is guilty of robbery if he steals, and immediately before or at the time of doing so, and in order to do so, he uses force on any person or puts or seeks to put any person in fear of being then and there subjected to force.
Burglary.— (1) A person is guilty of burglary if—
he enters any building or part of a building as a trespasser and with intent to commit any such offence as is mentioned in subsection (2) below; or
having entered any building or part of a building as a trespasser he steals or attempts to steal anything in the building or that part of it or inflicts or attempts to inflict on any person therein any grievous bodily harm.
where the offence was committed in respect of a building or part of a building which is a dwelling, fourteen years;
in any other case, ten years.
Aggravated burglary.— (1) A person is guilty of aggravated burglary if he commits any burglary and at the time has with him any firearm or imitation firearm, any weapon of offence, or any explosive; and for this purpose—
“firearm” includes an airgun or air pistol, and “imitation firearm” means anything which has the appearance of being a firearm, whether capable of being discharged or not; and
“weapon of offence” means any article made or adapted for use for causing injury to or incapacitating a person, or intended by the person having it with him for such use; and
“explosive” means any article manufactured for the purpose of producing a practical effect by explosion, or intended by the person having it with him for that purpose.
Removal of articles from places open to the public.— (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3) below, where the public have access to a building in order to view the building or part of it, or a collection or part of a collection housed in it, any person who without lawful authority removes from the building or its grounds the whole or part of any article displayed or kept for display to the public in the building or that part of it or in its grounds shall be guilty of an offence.
Taking motor vehicle or other conveyance without authority.— (1) Subject to subsections (5) and (6) below, a person shall be guilty of an offence if, without having the consent of the owner or other lawful authority, he takes any conveyance for his own or another’s use or, knowing that any conveyance has been taken without such authority, drives it or allows himself to be carried in or on it.
shall not be commenced after the end of the period of three years beginning with the day on which the offence was committed; but
subject to that, may be commenced at any time within the period of six months beginning with the relevant day.
in the case of a prosecution for an offence under subsection (1) above by a public prosecutor, the day on which sufficient evidence to justify the proceedings came to the knowledge of any person responsible for deciding whether to commence any such prosecution;
in the case of a prosecution for an offence under subsection (1) above which is commenced by a person other than a public prosecutor after the discontinuance of a prosecution falling within paragraph (a) above which relates to the same facts, the day on which sufficient evidence to justify the proceedings came to the knowledge of the person who has decided to commence the prosecution or (if later) the discontinuance of the other prosecution;
in the case of any other prosecution for an offence under subsection (1) above, the day on which sufficient evidence to justify the proceedings came to the knowledge of the person who has decided to commence the prosecution.
“conveyance” means any conveyance constructed or adapted for the carriage of a person or persons whether by land, water or air, except that it does not include a conveyance constructed or adapted for use only under the control of a person not carried in or on it, and “drive” shall be construed accordingly; and
“owner”, in relation to a conveyance which is the subject of a hiring agreement or hire-purchase agreement, means the person in possession of the conveyance under that agreement.
[12A.(2) The circumstances referred to in subsection (1)(b) above are—(3) A person is not guilty of an offence under this section if he proves that, as regards any such proven driving, injury or damage as is referred to in subsection (1)(b) above, either—(4) A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable on conviction on indictment to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or, if it is proved that, in circumstances falling within subsection (2)(b) above, the accident caused the death of the person concerned, five years.(5) If a person who is charged with an offence under this section is found not guilty of that offence but it is proved that he committed a basic offence, he may be convicted of the basic offence.(6) If by virtue of subsection (5) above a person is convicted of a basic offence before the Crown Court, that court shall have the same powers and duties as a magistrates’ court would have had on convicting him of such an offence.(7) For the purposes of this section a vehicle is driven dangerously if—(8) For the purposes of this section a vehicle is recovered when it is restored to its owner or to other lawful possession or custody; and in this subsection “owner” has the same meaning as in section 12 above.]
F9 Aggravated vehicle-taking.— (1) Subject to subsection (3) below, a person is guilty of aggravated taking of a vehicle if—
he commits an offence under section 12(1) above (in this section referred to as a “basic offence”) in relation to a mechanically propelled vehicle; and
it is proved that, at any time after the vehicle was unlawfully taken (whether by him or another) and before it was recovered, the vehicle was driven, or injury or damage was caused, in one or more of the circumstances set out in paragraphs (a) to (d) of subsection (2) below.
that the vehicle was driven dangerously on a road or other public place;
that, owing to the driving of the vehicle, an accident occurred by which injury was caused to any person;
that, owing to the driving of the vehicle, an accident occurred by which damage was caused to any property, other than the vehicle;
that damage was caused to the vehicle.
the driving, accident or damage referred to in subsection (2) above occurred before he committed the basic offence; or
he was neither in nor on nor in the immediate vicinity of the vehicle when that driving, accident or damage occurred.
it is driven in a way which falls far below what would be expected of a competent and careful driver; and
it would be obvious to a competent and careful driver that driving the vehicle in that way would be dangerous.
Abstracting of electricity.A person who dishonestly uses without due authority, or dishonestly causes to be wasted or diverted, any electricity shall on conviction on indictment be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.
Extension to thefts from mails outside England and Wales, and robbery etc. on such a theft.— (1) Where a person—
steals or attempts to steal any mail bag or postal packet in the course of transmission as such between places in different jurisdictions in the British postal area, or any of the contents of such a mail bag or postal packet; or
in stealing or with intent to steal any such mail bag or postal packet or any of its contents, commits any robbery, attempted robbery or assault with intent to rob;
Obtaining property by deception.— (1) A person who by any deception dishonestly obtains property belonging to another, with the intention of permanently depriving the other of it, shall on conviction on indictment be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years.
[ F10 15A.(2) A money transfer occurs when—(3) References to a credit and to a debit are to a credit of an amount of money and to a debit of an amount of money.(4) It is immaterial (in particular)—(5) A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable on conviction on indictment to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years.
Obtaining a money transfer by deception.— (1) A person is guilty of an offence if by any deception he dishonestly obtains a money transfer for himself or another.
a debit is made to one account,
a credit is made to another, and
the credit results from the debit or the debit results from the credit.
whether the amount credited is the same as the amount debited;
whether the money transfer is effected on presentment of a cheque or by another method;
whether any delay occurs in the process by which the money transfer is effected;
whether any intermediate credits or debits are made in the course of the money transfer;
whether either of the accounts is overdrawn before or after the money transfer is effected.
F11(2) “Deception” has the same meaning as in section 15 of this Act.(3) “Account” means an account kept with—(4) A business falls within this subsection if—F12 . . .[F13 (4A) References in subsection (4) to a deposit must be read with—but any restriction on the meaning of deposit which arises from the identity of the person making it is to be disregarded.](5) For the purposes of subsection (4) above—
Section 15A: supplementary.— (1) The following provisions have effect for the interpretation of section 15A of this Act.
a bank; or
a person carrying on a business which falls within subsection (4) below.
in the course of the business money received by way of deposit is lent to others; or
any other activity of the business is financed, wholly or to any material extent, out of the capital of or the interest on money received by way of deposit;
section 22 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000;
any relevant order under that section; and
Schedule 2 to that Act,
all the activities which a person carries on by way of business shall be regarded as a single business carried on by him; and
“money” includes money expressed in a currency other than sterling or in the European currency unit (as defined in Council Regulation No. 3320/94/EC or any Community instrument replacing it).]
Obtaining pecuniary advantage by deception.— (1) A person who by any deception dishonestly obtains for himself or another any pecuniary advantage shall on conviction on indictment be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F14
he is allowed to borrow by way of overdraft, or to take out any policy of insurance or annuity contract, or obtains an improvement of the terms on which he is allowed to do so; or
he is given the opportunity to earn remuneration or greater remuneration in an office or employment, or to win money by betting.
False accounting.— (1) Where a person dishonestly, with a view to gain for himself or another or with intent to cause loss to another,—
destroys, defaces, conceals or falsifies any account or any record or document made or required for any accounting purpose; or
in furnishing information for any purpose produces or makes use of any account, or any such record or document as aforesaid, which to his knowledge is or may be misleading, false or deceptive in a material particular;
— (1) Where an offence committed by a body corporate under section 15, 16 or 17 of this Act is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of any director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate, or any person who was purporting to act in any such capacity, he as well as the body corporate shall be guilty of that offence, and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.(2) Where the affairs of a body corporate are managed by its members, this section shall apply in relation to the acts and defaults of a member in connection with his functions of management as if he were a director of the body corporate.
False statements by company directors, etc.— (1) Where an officer of a body corporate or unincorporated association (or person purporting to act as such), with intent to deceive members or creditors of the body corporate or association about its affairs, publishes or concurs in publishing a written statement or account which to his knowledge is or may be misleading, false or deceptive in a material particular, he shall on conviction on indictment be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years.
Suppression, etc. of documents.— (1) A person who dishonestly, with a view to gain for himself or another or with intent to cause loss to another, destroys, defaces or conceals any valuable security, any will or other testamentary document or any original document of or belonging to, or filed or deposited in, any court of justice or any government department shall on conviction on indictment be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years.
“deception” has the same meaning as in section 15 of this Act, and“valuable security” means any document creating, transferring, surrendering or releasing any right to, in or over property, or authorising the payment of money or delivery of any property, or evidencing the creation, transfer, surrender or release of any such right, or the payment of money or delivery of any property, or the satisfaction of any obligation.
— (1) A person is guilty of blackmail if, with a view to gain for himself or another or with intent to cause loss to another, he makes any unwarranted demand with menaces; and for this purpose a demand with menaces is unwarranted unless the person making it does so in the belief—(2) The nature of the act or omission demanded is immaterial, and it is also immaterial whether the menaces relate to action to be taken by the person making the demand.(3) A person guilty of blackmail shall on conviction on indictment be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years.
that he has reasonable grounds for making the demand; and
that the use of the menaces is a proper means of reinforcing the demand.
Handling stolen goods.— (1) A person handles stolen goods if (otherwise than in the course of the stealing) knowing or believing them to be stolen goods he dishonestly receives the goods, or dishonestly undertakes or assists in their retention, removal, disposal or realisation by or for the benefit of another person, or if he arranges to do so.
Advertising rewards for return of goods stolen or lost.Where any public advertisement of a reward for the return of any goods which have been stolen or lost uses any words to the effect that no questions will be asked, or that the person producing the goods will be safe from apprehension or inquiry, or that any money paid for the purchase of the goods or advanced by way of loan on them will be repaid, the person adverising the reward and any person who prints or publishes the advertisement shall on summary conviction be liable to a fine not exceeding [F15 level 3 on the standard scale.]
Scope of offences relating to stolen goods.— (1) The provisions of this Act relating to goods which have been stolen shall apply whether the stealing occurred in England or Wales or elsewhere, and whether it occurred before or after the commencement of this Act, provided that the stealing (if not an offence under this Act) amounted to an offence where and at the time when the goods were stolen; and references to stolen goods shall be construed accordingly.
any other goods which directly or indirectly represent or have at any time represented the stolen goods in the hands of the thief as being the proceeds of any disposal or realisation of the whole or part of the goods stolen or of goods so representing the stolen goods; and
any other goods which directly or indirectly represent or have at any time represented the stolen goods in the hands of a handler of the stolen goods or any part of them as being the proceeds of any disposal or realisation of the whole or part of the stolen goods handled by him or of goods so representing them.
[ F16 24A.(2) References to a credit are to a credit of an amount of money.(3) A credit to an account is wrongful if it is the credit side of a money transfer obtained contrary to section 15A of this Act.(4) A credit to an account is also wrongful to the extent that it derives from—(5) In determining whether a credit to an account is wrongful, it is immaterial (in particular) whether the account is overdrawn before or after the credit is made.(6) A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable on conviction on indictment to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years.(7) Subsection (8) below applies for purposes of provisions of this Act relating to stolen goods (including subsection (4) above).(8) References to stolen goods include money which is dishonestly withdrawn from an account to which a wrongful credit has been made, but only to the extent that the money derives from the credit.(9) In this section “account” and “money” shall be construed in accordance with section 15B of this Act.]
Dishonestly retaining a wrongful credit.— (1) A person is guilty of an offence if—
a wrongful credit has been made to an account kept by him or in respect of which he has any right or interest;
he knows or believes that the credit is wrongful; and
he dishonestly fails to take such steps as are reasonable in the circumstances to secure that the credit is cancelled.
an offence under section 15A of this Act;
Going equipped for stealing, etc.— (1) A person shall be guilty of an offence if, when not at his place of abode, he has with him any article for use in the course of or in connection with any burglary, theft or cheat.
Search for stolen goods.— (1) If it is made to appear by information on oath before a justice of the peace that there is reasonable cause to believe that any person has in his custody or possession or on his premises any stolen goods, the justice may grant a warrant to search for and seize the same; but no warrant to search for stolen goods shall be addressed to a person other than a constable except under the authority of an enactment expressly so providing.
Evidence and procedure on charge of theft or handling stolen goods.— (1) Any number of persons may be charged in one indictment, with reference to the same theft, with having at different times or at the same time handled all or any of the stolen goods, and the persons so charged may be tried together.
evidence that he has had in his possesion, or has undertaken or assisted in the retention, removal, disposal or realisation of, stolen goods from any theft taking place not earlier than twelve months before the offence charged; and
(provided that seven days’ notice in writing has been given to him of the intention to prove the conviction) evidence that he has within the five years preceding the date of the offence charged been convicted of theft or of handling stolen goods.
a statutory declaration shall only be admissible where and to the extent to which oral evidence to the like effect would have been admissible in the proceedings; and
a statutory declaration shall only be admissible if at least seven days before the hearing or trial a copy of it has been given to the person charged, and he has not, at least three days before the hearing or trial or within such further time as the court may in special circumstances allow, given the prosecutor written notice requiring the attendance at the hearing or trial of the person making the declaration.
F20 28. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jurisdiction of quarter sessions, and summary trial.— (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F21
"11. Any indictable offence under the Theft Act 1968 except—(a) robbery, aggravated burglary, blackmail and assault with intent to rob; and
burglary comprising the commission of, or an intention to commit, an offence which is not included in this Schedule; and
burglary in a dwelling if entry to the dwelling or the part of it in which the burglary was committed, or to any building or part of a building containing the dwelling, was obtained by force or deception or by the use of any tool, key or appliance, or if any person in the dwelling was subjected to violence or the threat of violence; and
handling stolen goods from an offence not committed in the United Kingdom."
Husband and wife.— (1) This Act shall apply in relation to the parties to a marriage, and to property belonging to the wife or husband whether or not by reason of an interest derived from the marriage, as it would apply if they were not married and any such interest subsisted independently of the marriage.
this subsection shall not apply to proceedings against a person for an offence—(i) if that person is charged with committing the offence jointly with the wife or husband; or(ii) if by virtue of any judicial decree or order (wherever made) that person and the wife or husband are at the time of the offence under no obligation to cohabit; . . . F23
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to an arrest (if without warrant) made by the wife or husband, and
to a warrant of arrest issued on an information laid by the wife or husband.
Effect on civil proceedings and rights.— (1) A person shall not be excused, by reason that to do so may incriminate that person or the wife or husband of that person of an offence under this Act—
from answering any question put to that person in proceedings for the recovery or administration of any property, for the execution of any trust or for an account of any property or dealings with property; or
from complying with any order made in any such proceedings;
Effect on existing law and construction of references to offences.— (1) The following offences are hereby abolished for all purposes not relating to offences committed before the commencement of this Act, that is to say—
any offence at common law of larceny, robbery, burglary, receiving stolen property, obtaining property by threats, extortion by colour or office or franchise, false accounting by public officers, concealment of treasure trove and, except as regards offences relating to the public revenue, cheating; and
any offence under an enactment mentioned in Part I of Schedule 3 to this Act, to the extent to which the offence depends on any section or part of a section included in column 3 of that Schedule;
references in any enactment passed before this Act to an offence abolished by this Act shall, subject to any express amendment or repeal made by this Act, have effect as references to the corresponding offence under this Act, and in any such enactment the expression “receive”(when it relates to an offence of receiving) shall mean handle, and “receiver” shall be construed accordingly; and
without prejudice to paragraph (a) above, references in any enactment, whenever passed, to theft or stealing (including references to stolen goods), and references to robbery, blackmail, burglary, aggravated burglary or handling stolen goods, shall be construed in accordance with the provisions of this Act, including those of section 24.
Miscellaneous and consequential amendments, and repeal.— F27 (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interpretation.— (1) Sections 4(1) and 5(1) of this Act shall apply generally for purposes of this Act as they apply for purposes of section 1.
“gain” and “loss” are to be construed as extending only to gain or loss in money or other property, but as extending to any such gain or loss whether temporary or permanent; and—(i) “gain” includes a gain by keeping what one has, as well as a gain by getting what one has not; and(ii) “loss” includes a loss by not getting what one might get, as well as a loss by parting with what one has;
“goods”, except in so far as the context otherwise requires, includes money and every other description of property except land, and includes things severed from the land by stealing.
Commencement and transitional provisions.— (1) This Act shall come into force on the 1st January 1969 and, save as otherwise provided by this Act, shall have effect only in relation to offences wholly or partly committed on or after that date.
Short title, and general provisions as to Scotland and Northern Ireland.— (1) This Act may be cited as the Theft Act 1968.
Offences of Taking, etc. Deer or Fish
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Taking or destroying fish— (1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2) below, a person who unlawfully takes or destroys, or attempts to take or destroy, any fish in water which is private property or in which there is any private right of fishery shall on summary conviction be liable to a fine not exceeding fifty pounds or, for an offence committed after a previous conviction of an offence under this sub-paragraph, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months or to a fine not exceeding one hundred pounds or to both.
Miscellaneous and Consequential Amendments
F33 Part I
Other amendments extending beyond England and Wales
|. . . F34||. . . F34|
|The Public Stores Act 1875 (38 & 39 Vict. c. 25)||For section 12 (incorporation of parts of Larceny Act 1861) there shall be substituted:—|
|(1) Any person may arrest without warrant anyone who is, or whom he, with reasonable cause, suspects to be, in the act of committing or attempting to commit an offence against section 5 or 8 of this Act.|
|(2) If it is made to appear by information on oath before a justice of the peace that there is reasonable cause to believe that any person has in his custody or possession or on his premises any stores in respect of which an offence against section 5 of this Act has been committed, the justice may issue a warrant to a constable to search for and seize the stores as in the case of stolen goods, and the M6 Police (Property) Act 1897 shall apply as if this subsection were among the enactments mentioned in section 1(1) of that Act.|
|The Army Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2. c. 18)||For section 44(1)(b) there shall be substituted—|
|(b) handles any stolen goods, where property stolen was public or service property, or.|
|For section 45(b) there shall be substituted—|
|(b) handles any stolen goods, where the property stolen belonged to a person subject to military law, or|
|In section 138(1) for the words from “receiving” to “stolen” there shall be substituted the words “handling it”.|
|In section 225(1) after the definition of “Governor” there shall be inserted—|
|“handles”has the same meaning as in the Theft Act 1968;|
|and for the definition of steals there shall be substituted—|
|“steals” has the same meaning as in the Theft Act 1968, and references to stolen goods shall be construed as if contained in that Act.|
|The Air Force Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2. c. 19)||The same amendments shall be made in sections 44, 45, 138 and 223 as are above directed to be made in the corresponding sections of the Army Act 1955, except that in the amendment to section 45(b) “air-force law” shall be substituted for “military law”.|
|The Naval Discipline Act 1957 (5 & 6 Eliz. 2. c. 53)||For section 29(b) there shall be substituted—|
|(b) handles any stolen goods, where the property stolen was public or service property, or.|
|In section 76(1) for the words from “receiving” to “embezzling” there shall be substituted the word “handling”.|
|In section 135(1) the same amendments shall be made as are above directed to be made in section 225(1) of the Army Act 1955.|
|The Army and Air Force Act 1961 (9 & 10 Eliz. 2. c. 52)||Section 21 shall be omitted.|
Amendments limited to England and Wales
|The Gaming Act 1845 (8 & 9 Vict. c. 109)||In section 17 (punishment for cheating at play etc.) for the words “be deemed guilty of obtaining such money or valuable thing from such other person by a false pretence” and the following words there shall be substituted the words—|
|(a) on conviction on indictment be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years; or||(b) on summary conviction be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to a fine not exceeding two hundred pounds or to both.|
|. . . F35||. . . F35|
|The House to House Collections Act 1939 (2 & 3 Geo. 6. c. 44)||In the Schedule (offences for which a conviction is a ground for refusing or revoking a licence under the Act to promote a collection for charity) for the entry relating to the Larceny Act 1916 there shall be substituted:— “Robbery, burglary and blackmail”.|
|The Magistrates’ Court Act 1952 (15 & 16 Geo. 6. & 1 Eliz. 2. c. 55)||In Schedule 1 for paragraph 8 there shall be substituted— “8. Offences under sections 53 and 55 to 58 of the M7 Post Office Act 1953”.|
|The Visiting Forces Act 1952 (15 & 16 Geo. 6. & 1 Eliz. 2. c. 67)||In the Schedule there shall be inserted in paragraph 1(a) after the word “buggery” the word “robbery”, and in paragraph 3 there shall be added at the end— “(g) the Theft Act 1968, except section 8 (robbery)”.|
|The Finance Act 1965 (1965 c. 25)||In Schedule 10, in the Table in paragraph 1, for the words “Sections 500 to 505” there shall be substituted the words “Sections 500 to 504”.|
|The Finance Act 1966 (1966 c. 18)||In Schedule 6, in paragraph 13, for the words “Sections 500 to 505” there shall be substituted the words “Sections 500 to 504”, and the words from “together with” to “the said section 505” shall be omitted.|
|The Firearms Act 1968 (1968 c. 27)||Schedule I (offences in connection with which possession of a firearm is an offence under section 17(2)) shall be amended, except in relation to a person’s apprehension for an offence committed before the commencement of this Act, by substituting for paragraph 4— “4. Theft, burglary, blackmail and any offence under section 12(1)(taking of motor vehicle or other conveyance without owner’s consent) of the Theft Act 1968”: by omitting paragraph 7: and by substituting in paragraph 8 for the words “paragraphs I to 7” the words “paragraphs I to 6”.|
Penal Enactments superseded by this Act
|Session and Chapter||Short Title||Extent of Repeal|
|3 Edw. 1.||The Statute of Westminster the First.||Chapters 26 and 31.|
|15 Geo. 2. c. 33||The Starr and Bent Act 1741.||The whole Act.|
|22 Geo. 2. c. 27||The Frauds by Workmen Act 1748.||The whole Act.|
|17 Geo. 3. c. 11||The Worsted Act 1776.||In section 12 the words from “or shall conceal” to “other purposes”.|
|17 Geo. 3. c. 56||The Frauds by Workmen Act 1777.||The Whole Act.|
|50 Geo. 3. c. 59||The Embezzlement by Collectors Act 1810.||The Whole Act, so far as unrepealed.|
|55 Geo. 3. c. 50.||The Gaol Fees Abolition Act 1815.||The whole Act.|
|5 Geo. 4. c. 83.||The Vagrancy Act 1824.||In section 4 the words from “having in his or her custody” to “outbuilding, or,” together with the words “and every such picklock key, crow, jack, bit, and other implement.”|
|7 Geo. 4. c. 16||The Chelsea and Kilmainham Hospitals Act 1826.||Section 25.|
|Section 34 from “and, if any pensioner” onwards, except the words from “such mark, stamp or brand” to “to commissioners”, where next occuring.|
|2 & 3 Vict. c. 47.||The Metropolitan Police Act 1839.||Sections 26, 27, 28, 30 and 31.|
|2 & 3 Vict. c. 71.||The Metropolitan Police Courts Act 1839.||Section 26.|
|3 & 4 Vict. c. 50||The Canals (Offences) Act 1840.||Sections 7 and 8.|
|3 & 4 Vict. c. 84||The Metropolitan Police Courts Act 1840.||Section 11.|
|6 & 7 Vict. c. 40.||The Hosiery Act 1843.||The whole Act, except sections 18 to 20.|
|10 & 11 Vict. c. 16||The Commissioners Clauses Act 1847.||In section 67 the words “exact or”.|
|24 & 25 Vict. c. 96.||The Larceny Act 1861.||The whole Act.|
|24 & 25 Vict. c. 98||The Forgery Act 1861.||Section 3.|
|26 & 27 Vict. c. 103.||The Misappropriation by Servants Act 1863.||The whole Act.|
|28 & 29 Vict. c. 124.||The Admiralty Powers, &c Act 1865.||Sections 6 to 9, together with the words “of all offences specified in this Act, and” in section 5.|
|32 & 33 Vict. c. 62.||The Debtors Act 1869.||In section 13, paragraph (1).|
|33 & 34 Vict. c. 58.||The Forgery Act 1870.||The whole Act, so far as unrepealed.|
|34 & 35 Vict. c. 41.||The Gas Works Clauses Act 1871.||In section 38, as incorporated in the Electric Lighting Act 1882, the words “or fraudulently abstracts, consumes or uses gas of the undertakers”, the words “or for abstracting, consuming or using gas of undertakers” and the words “abstraction or consumption”.|
|37 & 38 Vict. c. 36.||The False Personation Act 1874.||The whole Act.|
|38 & 39 Vict. c. 24.||The Falsification of Accounts Act 1875.||The whole Act.|
|38 & 39 Vict. c. 89.||The Public Works Loans Act 1875.||Section 44.|
|47 & 48 Vict. c. 55.||The Pensions and Yeomanry Pay Act 1884.||Section 3.|
|50 & 51 Vict. c. 55.||The Sheriffs Act 1887.||In section 29, subsection (2)(b) and in subsection (6) the words from “or demands” to “office”.|
|50 & 51 Vict. c. 71.||The Coroners Act 1887.||In section 8(2) the words “of extortion or”.|
|54 & 55 Vict. c. 36.||The Consular Salaries and Fees Act 1891.||Section 2(3).|
|57 & 58 Vict. c. 60.||The Merchant Shipping Act 1894.||In section 154 paragraph (d), and in paragraph (e) the words “or representation” and the words “or made.”|
|In section 197(8) paragraph (d).|
|Section 388(5) from “and if” onwards.|
|In section 724(4) the words “demands or”.|
|61 & 62 Vict. c. 57.||The Elementary School Teachers (Superannuation) Act 1898.||Section 10.|
|62 & 63 Vict. c. 19.||The Electric Lighting (Clauses) Act 1899.||In the Schedule, in section 38 of the Gasworks Clauses Act 1871 as set out in the Appendix, the words “or fraudulently abstracts, consumes or uses gas of the undertakers”, the words “or for abstracting, consuming or using gas of undertakers” and the words “abstraction or consumption”(these repeals having effect for the purposes of the Schedule as incorporated with the Electricity Act 1947 or any other enactment).|
|6 Edw. 7. c. 48.||The Merchant Shipping Act 1906.||Section 28(10) from “and if” onwards.|
|4 & 5 Geo. 5. c. 59.||The Bankruptcy Act 1914.||In section 154(1), paragraphs (13) and (14).|
|In section 156, paragraph (a).|
|5 & 6 Geo. 5. c. 83.||The Naval and Military War Pensions, etc. Act 1915||Section 5.|
|6 & 7 Geo. c. 50.||The Larceny Act 1916.||The whole Act (but the repeal of section 39(2) and (3) shall not extend to Scotland).|
|9 & 10 Geo. 5 c. 75.||The Ferries (Acquisition by Local Authorities) Act 1919.||Section 4 from “If any” onwards.|
|10 & 11 Geo. 5. c. 36.||The Pensions (Increase) Act 1920.||Section 5.|
|11 & 12 Geo. 5 c. 39.||The Admiralty Pensions Act 1921.||Section 1(2).|
|11 & 12 Geo. 5. c. 49.||The War Pensions Act 1921.||Section 7(2).|
|19 & 20 Geo. 5. c. 29.||The Government Annuities Act 1929.||Section 34.|
|23 & 24 Geo. 5. c. 51.||The Local Government Act 1933.||In section 123, in subsection (2), the words “exact or” and, in subsection (3), the words “any of”.|
|2 & 3 Geo. 6. c. 82||The Personal Injuries (Emergency Provisions) Act 1939.||Section 6.|
|2 & 3 Geo. 6. c. 83.||The Pensions (Navy, Army, Air Force and Mercantile Marine) Act 1939.||Section 8.|
|5 & 6 Geo. 6. c. 28.||The War Damage (Amendment) Act 1942.||Section 3.|
|6 & 7 Geo. 6. c. 21.||The War Damage Act 1943.||Section 112.|
|7 & 8 Geo. 6. c. 21.||The Pensions (Increase) Act 1944.||Sections 6 and 7.|
|8 & 9 Geo. 6. c. 42.||The Water Act 1945.||In Schedule 3, section 65(2): in section 66(1) the words “or fraudulently abstracts or uses water of the undertakers”: in section 66(2) the words “or for enabling him fraudulently to abstract or use water” and the words from “or as” onwards.|
|10 & 11 Geo. 6. c. 41.||The Fire Services Act 1947.||In section 26(4) the words from “by means of” to “infirmity or”, where next occurring, and the words “or by any other fraudulent conduct”.|
|11 & 12 Geo. 6. c. 24.||The Police Pensions Act 1948.||In section 7(2) the words from “by means of” to “infirmity or”, where next occurring, and the words “or by any other fraudulent conduct”.|
|11 & 12 Geo. 6. c. 38.||The Companies Act 1948.||Section 84.|
|In section 328(1), paragraphs (m) and (n) and any reference to either of those paragraphs.|
|11 & 12 Geo. 6. c. 67.||The Gas Act 1948.||In Schedule 3, in paragraph 29(1), the words “or fraudulently abstracts, consumes or uses gas of the Board,” and in paragraph 29(3) the words “or for abstracting, consuming or using gas of the Board” and the words “abstraction or consumption”.|
|14 Geo. 6. c. 36.||The Diseases of Animals Act 1950.||Section 78(2)(x).|
|15 & 16 Geo. 6. & 1 Eliz. 2. c. 10.||The Income Tax Act 1952.||Section 505 (but this repeal shall not extend to Scotland).|
|15 & 16 Geo. 6. & 1 Eliz. 2. c. 25.||The National Health Service Act 1952.||In section 6 the words from “he shall” to “section”.|
|15 & 16 Geo. 6. & 1 Eliz 2. c. 43.||The Disposal of Uncollected Goods Act 1952.||In section 3(3) the words from “or who” to “particular”.|
|1 & 2 Eliz. 2. c. 36.||The Post Office Act 1953.||Sections 52 and 54 and in section 57 the words “steals, or for any purpose whatever embezzles”(but these repeals shall not extend to Scotland).|
|1 & 2 Eliz. 2. c. 50.||The Auxillary Forces Act 1953.||Section 29(2).|
|4 & 5 Eliz. 2. c. 16.||The Foods and Drugs Act 1955.||Section 60, so far as unrepealed.|
|7 & 8 Eliz. 2. c. 28.||The Income Tax (Repayment of Post-War Credits) Act 1959.||Section 1(6)(but this repeal shall not extend to Scotland).|
|8 & 9 Eliz. 2. c. 16.||The Road Traffic Act 1960.||Section 217 (but this repeal shall not extend to Scotland).|
|1964 c. 28.||The Agriculture and Horticulture Act 1964.||In the Schedule, paragraph 3 from the words “or on conviction on indictment” onwards.|
|1966 c. 32.||The Selective Employment Payments Act 1966.||Section 8(2)(a), (b) and (d) and (ii)|
|1966 c. 34.||The Industrial Development Act 1966.||Section 9.|
|1967 c. 1.||The Land Commission Act 1967.||Section 81(5)(a).|
|1967 c. 9.||The General Rate Act 1967.||Section 49(8).|
|1967 c. 12.||The Teachers’ Superannuation Act 1967.||Section 14.|
|1967 c. 22.||The Agriculture Act 1967.||Section 69(1)(ii).|
|1967 c. 29.||The Housing Subsidies Act 1967.||Section 31.|
|1967 c. 34.||The Industrial Injuries and Diseases (Old Cases) Act 1967.||In section 12(2) the words “section 11(1) of this Act”.|
|1967 c. 85.||The Vessels Protection Act 1967.||The whole Act.|
Obsolete and Redundant Enactments
|Session and Chapter||Short Title||Extent of Repeal|
|34 & 35 Hen. 8. c. 26.||The Laws in Wales Act 1542.||Section 47 from “Item, that no person” onwards.|
|36 Geo. 3. c. 88.||The Hay and Straw Act 1796.||The whole Act.|
|5 Geo. 4. c. 83.||The Vagrancy Act 1824||Sections 16 and 21.|
|4 & 5 Will. 4. c. 21.||The Hay and Straw Act 1834.||The whole Act.|
|3 & 4 Vict. c. 50.||The Canals (Offences) Act 1840.||Sections 13, 15, 17 and 19.|
|14 & 15 Vict. c. 19.||The Prevention of Offences Act 1851.||Sections 12 and 13.|
|18 & 19 Vict. c. 126.||The Criminal Justice Act 1855.||The whole Act, so far as unrepealed.|
|19 & 20 Vict. c. 114.||The Hay and Straw Act 1856.||The whole Act.|
|32 & 33 Vict. c. 57.||The Seamen’s Clothing Act 1869.||The whole Act.|
|33 & 34 Vict. c. 65.||The Larceny (Advertisements) Act 1870.||The whole Act.|
|34 & 35 Vict. c. 112.||The Prevention of Crimes Act 1871.||Sections 10 and 11.|
|39 & 40 Vict. c. 20.||The Statute Law Revision (Substituted Enactments) Act 1876.||Section 4.|
|59 & 60 Vict. c. 25||The Friendly Societies Act 1896||Section 87(2).|
|61 & 62 Vict. c. 36.||The Criminal Evidence Act 1898.||In the Schedule, the entries for the Vagrancy Act 1824 and for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children Act 1894.|
|4 & 5 Geo. 5. c. 14.||The Currency and Bank Notes Act 1914.||The whole Act.|
|Session and Chapter||Short Title||Extent of Repeal|
|2 & 3 Vict. c. 47.||The Metropolitan Police Act 1839.||Section 66 from “and any person” onwards.|
|2 & 3 Vict. c. 71.||The Metropolitan Police Courts Act 1839.||Section 25.|
|3 & 4 Vict. c. 50.||The Canals (Offences) Act 1840.||Section 11 from the beginning to “law; and”.|
|33 & 34 Vict. c. 52.||The Extradition Act 1870||In Schedule 1 the entries relating to embezzlement and larceny, to obtaining money or goods by false pretences, to fraud by bailees and others, to burglary and housebreaking, to robbery with violence and to threats by letter or otherwise with intent to extort.|
|35 & 36 Vict. c. 93.||The Pawnbrokers Act 1872.||In section 30, paragraph (2)(but this repeal shall not extend to Scotland).|
|38 & 39 Vict. c. 83.||The Local Loans Act 1875.||Sections 32.|
|40 & 41 Vict. c. 59||The Colonial Stock Act 1877.||Section 21.|
|45 & 46 Vict. c. 75.||The Married Women’s Property Act 1882.||Sections 12 and 16, so far as unrepealed|
|47 & 48 Vict. c. 14.||The Married Women’s Property Act 1884.||The whole Act.|
|47 & 48 Vict. c. 44.||The Naval Pensions Act 1884.||In section 2 the words “or the Admiralty (Powers, etc.) Act 1865”.|
|56 & 57 Vict. c. 71.||The Sale of Goods Act 1893.||Section 24.|
|60 & 61 Vict. c.30.||The Police (Property) Act 1897.||In section 1(1), the words “section 103 of the Larceny Act 1861”.|
|61 & 62 Vict. c. 36.||The Criminal Evidence Act 1898.||In the Schedule the entry for the Married Women’s Property Act 1882.|
|16 & 17 Geo. 5. c. 7.||The Bankruptcy (Amendment) Act 1926.||In section 5 the words “(13), (14) and” wherever occurring.|
|25 & 26 Geo. 5. c. 30.||The Law Reform (Married Women and Tortfeasors) Act 1935.||In Schedule 1 the entries amending section 12 of the Married Women’s Property Act 1882 and the Larceny Act 1916.|
|11 & 12 Geo. 6. c. 58.||The Criminal Justice Act 1948.||In section 41, subsection (3), in subsection (4) the words “or statutory declaration” and the words from “or the person” onwards.|
|12, 13 & 14 Geo. 6. c. 36.||The War Damage (Public Utility Undertakings, etc.) Act 1949.||Section 10(9)(e).|
|14 & 15 Geo. 6. c. 39.||The Common Informers Act 1951.||In the Schedule the entry relating to the Larceny Act 1861 section 102.|
|15 & 16 Geo. 6. & 1 Eliz. 2. c. 45.||The Pensions (Increase) Act 1952.||In Schedule 3 the entries for sections 6 and 7 of 7 & 8 Geo. 6. c. 21.|
|15 & 16 Geo. 6. & 1 Eliz. 2. c. 55.||The Magistrates’ Courts Act 1952.||Section 33.|
|In Schedule 1, entries Nos. 1, 5 and 6.|
|15 & 16 Geo. 6. & 1 Eliz. 2. c. 67.||The Visiting Forces Act 1952.||In the Schedule, paragraph 1(b)(v) and paragraph 3(a), (d) and (e).|
|1 & 2 Eliz. 2. c. 36.||The Post Office Act 1953.||In section 23(1), the words “and of the Larceny Act 1916”.|
|8 & 9 Eliz. 2. c. 44.||The Finance Act 1960.||Section 55 (but this repeal shall not extend to Scotland).|
|10 & 11 Eliz. 2. c. 15.||The Criminal Justice Administration Act 1962.||In Schedule 3, paragraphs 4, 5, 6 and 8.|
|10 & 11 Eliz. 2. c. 46.||The Transport Act 1962.||In Part I of Schedule 2 the entry for the Criminal Justice Act 1948.|
|10 & 11 Eliz 2. c. 59.||The Road Traffic Act 1962.||Section 44 (but this repeal shall not extend to Scotland).|
|1964 c. 26.||The Licensing Act 1964.||Section 100(4)(d).|
|1967 c. 58.||The Criminal Law Act 1967.||Section 4(7).|
|In Schedule 1, in List A, item 1 in Division II, and, in List B, item 13.|
|In Schedule 2, paragraph 2(1)(a); in paragraph 4 the word “embezzlement”; paragraph 12, except in subparagraph (2) the words from “in the Bankruptcy Act” onwards and except subparagraph (6); and paragraph 13(1)(b).|
|1968 c.19.||The Criminal Appeal Act 1968.||In section 30, in subsection (1) the words from “and the operation” to “on conviction”, in subsection (2) the words “or of section 24(1) of the Sale of Goods Act 1893” and the words “or that subsection, as the case may be”, and in subsection (3) the words “or of the said section 24(1)”.|
|1968 c. 27.||The Firearms Act 1968.||In section 17, subsection (3) and in subsection (5) the words from “and” onwards.|
Note: These attributes apply to this level only, lower levels have their own attributes.
|Version no||Start date||End date||Extent||Confers power||Blanket amendment|