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|Theft Act 1968 (c. 60)|
Obtaining property by deception.— (1) A person who by any deception dishonestly obtains property belonging to another, with the intention of permanently depriving the other of it, shall on conviction on indictment be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years.
[ F1 15A.(2) A money transfer occurs when—(3) References to a credit and to a debit are to a credit of an amount of money and to a debit of an amount of money.(4) It is immaterial (in particular)—(5) A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable on conviction on indictment to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years.
Obtaining a money transfer by deception.— (1) A person is guilty of an offence if by any deception he dishonestly obtains a money transfer for himself or another.
a debit is made to one account,
a credit is made to another, and
the credit results from the debit or the debit results from the credit.
whether the amount credited is the same as the amount debited;
whether the money transfer is effected on presentment of a cheque or by another method;
whether any delay occurs in the process by which the money transfer is effected;
whether any intermediate credits or debits are made in the course of the money transfer;
whether either of the accounts is overdrawn before or after the money transfer is effected.
F2(2) “Deception” has the same meaning as in section 15 of this Act.(3) “Account” means an account kept with—(4) A business falls within this subsection if—F3 . . .[F4 (4A) References in subsection (4) to a deposit must be read with—but any restriction on the meaning of deposit which arises from the identity of the person making it is to be disregarded.](5) For the purposes of subsection (4) above—
Section 15A: supplementary.— (1) The following provisions have effect for the interpretation of section 15A of this Act.
a bank; or
a person carrying on a business which falls within subsection (4) below.
in the course of the business money received by way of deposit is lent to others; or
any other activity of the business is financed, wholly or to any material extent, out of the capital of or the interest on money received by way of deposit;
section 22 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000;
any relevant order under that section; and
Schedule 2 to that Act,
all the activities which a person carries on by way of business shall be regarded as a single business carried on by him; and
“money” includes money expressed in a currency other than sterling or in the European currency unit (as defined in Council Regulation No. 3320/94/EC or any Community instrument replacing it).]
Obtaining pecuniary advantage by deception.— (1) A person who by any deception dishonestly obtains for himself or another any pecuniary advantage shall on conviction on indictment be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F5
he is allowed to borrow by way of overdraft, or to take out any policy of insurance or annuity contract, or obtains an improvement of the terms on which he is allowed to do so; or
he is given the opportunity to earn remuneration or greater remuneration in an office or employment, or to win money by betting.
False accounting.— (1) Where a person dishonestly, with a view to gain for himself or another or with intent to cause loss to another,—
destroys, defaces, conceals or falsifies any account or any record or document made or required for any accounting purpose; or
in furnishing information for any purpose produces or makes use of any account, or any such record or document as aforesaid, which to his knowledge is or may be misleading, false or deceptive in a material particular;
— (1) Where an offence committed by a body corporate under section 15, 16 or 17 of this Act is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of any director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate, or any person who was purporting to act in any such capacity, he as well as the body corporate shall be guilty of that offence, and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.(2) Where the affairs of a body corporate are managed by its members, this section shall apply in relation to the acts and defaults of a member in connection with his functions of management as if he were a director of the body corporate.
False statements by company directors, etc.— (1) Where an officer of a body corporate or unincorporated association (or person purporting to act as such), with intent to deceive members or creditors of the body corporate or association about its affairs, publishes or concurs in publishing a written statement or account which to his knowledge is or may be misleading, false or deceptive in a material particular, he shall on conviction on indictment be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years.
Suppression, etc. of documents.— (1) A person who dishonestly, with a view to gain for himself or another or with intent to cause loss to another, destroys, defaces or conceals any valuable security, any will or other testamentary document or any original document of or belonging to, or filed or deposited in, any court of justice or any government department shall on conviction on indictment be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years.
“deception” has the same meaning as in section 15 of this Act, and“valuable security” means any document creating, transferring, surrendering or releasing any right to, in or over property, or authorising the payment of money or delivery of any property, or evidencing the creation, transfer, surrender or release of any such right, or the payment of money or delivery of any property, or the satisfaction of any obligation.
— (1) A person is guilty of blackmail if, with a view to gain for himself or another or with intent to cause loss to another, he makes any unwarranted demand with menaces; and for this purpose a demand with menaces is unwarranted unless the person making it does so in the belief—(2) The nature of the act or omission demanded is immaterial, and it is also immaterial whether the menaces relate to action to be taken by the person making the demand.(3) A person guilty of blackmail shall on conviction on indictment be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years.
that he has reasonable grounds for making the demand; and
that the use of the menaces is a proper means of reinforcing the demand.
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