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I taught them all these knowing ways

By chopping logic in my plays,

And making all my speakers try

To reason out the How and Why.


For that there is no logic in love, nor the least mathematical


logic and sermons never convince,


to one! To note the curious hard logic of passion, and the emotional


And is their logic to outweigh


In logic and in natural law


rhetoric is a combination of the science of logic and of the ethical



I taught them all these knowing ways

By chopping logic in my plays,

And making all my speakers try

To reason out the How and Why.


witty; the mathematics subtile; natural philosophy deep; moral

grave; logic and rhetoric able to contend. Abeunt studia in mores.


These are in a more especial manner thought to be the object of

those sciences which go by the name of logic and Metaphysics, and of

all that which passes under the notion of the most abstracted and


the same man as thou?" "No, sir," interrupted Kutadanta.

Said the Buddha: "Dost thou deny that the same logic holds good

for thyself that holds good for the things of the world?" Kutadanta


against them. You lay down metaphysic propositions which infer

universal consequences, and then you attempt to limit logic by

despotism. The leaders of the present system tell them of their


than truth, should be ordered out of court at once, no matter by how

clear a logic it had been arrived at; but what was the alternative? It

was this, that our criterion of truth -i.e., that truth is what


they are always absurd, the mean is alone practicable and it is always

illogical. It is faith and not logic which is the supreme arbiter.

They say all roads lead to Rome, and all philosophies that I have ever


course when it suited their convenience; who shrank from no conclusion

in theory, nor from any want of logic in practice so long as they were

illogical of malice prepense, and for what they held to be


If thou percase wouldst vary still its shapes,

That by like logic each arrangement still

Requires its increment of other parts.


They reasoned, and they argued up and down;

Full much with subtle logic there they sped;

They spoke of spells, of treachery in Rome town;


"Love life more than the meaning of it?"

"Certainly, love it, regardless of logic as you say, it must be

regardless of logic, and it's only then one will understand the


corpse! If he ran away without murdering him, who did murder him?'

Here, I repeat, you have the whole logic of the prosecution. Who

murdered him, if not he? There's no one to put in his place.


for my art, it is because it is an impersonal thing-a thing beyond

myself. Crime is common. logic is rare. Therefore it is upon the logic

rather than upon the crime that you should dwell. You have degraded


When one of her mind sees many things emphasized and reemphasized

and admired, she gathers the logic of it and applies accordingly.

Drouet was not shrewd enough to see that this was not tactful. He


Carrie listened to this with mingled feelings. Her mind was shaken

loose from the little mooring of logic that it had. She was stirred by

this thought, angered by that- her own injustice, Hurstwood's,



"Your logic has the stride of a giant, M. de Baisemeaux," said

Aramis; "and your reasoning is irresistible. But on what special


the doctrine of faith! to prefer, as a better investment, being to

doing; being to seeming; logic to rhythm and to display; the year to

the day; the life to the year; character to performance; -- and have


yet to learn, that the thing uttered in words is not therefore

affirmed. It must affirm itself, or no forms of logic or of oath can

give it evidence. The sentence must also contain its own apology for


ends in syllogism. For they have a supreme eye to facts, and theirs

is a logic that brings salt to soup, hammer to nail, oar to boat, the

logic of cooks, carpenters, and chemists, following the sequence of


spacious, and they can hold many threads without entangling them.

All the steps they orderly take; but with the high logic of never

confounding the minor and major proposition; keeping their eye on


Their self-respect, their faith in causation, and their

realistic logic or coupling of means to ends, have given them the

leadership of the modern world. Montesquieu said, "No people have


But the Englishman has pure pride in his wealth, and esteems it a

final certificate. A coarse logic rules throughout all English

souls; -- if you have merit, can you not show it by your good


have a scope like nature itself, a susceptibility to all impressions,

alive to the heart as well as to the logic of creation. But English

science puts humanity to the door. It wants the connection which is


conquering intelligence no man had ever reached; whose temper was

imperturbable; whose dreadful logic was always leisurely and sportive;

so careless and ignorant as to disarm the wariest and draw them, in


of the universe. The robust Aristotelian method, with its breadth

and adequateness, shaming our sterile and linear logic by its genial

radiation, conversant with series and degree, with effects and ends,




That logic is necessary


argument? The man was silent. Do you see, said Epictetus, that you

yourself are admitting that logic is necessary, if without it you

cannot know so much as this, whether logic is necessary or not



that Barjas, the tavern-keeper, is damned. There is in these things

a logic worthy of the author of all logic. Nevertheless my unhappy

example proves that it is sometimes inconvenient that form should


the French primitives, who are superior to all the rest; as M.

Gruyer tell us they are more logical, logic being a peculiarly

French quality. Even if this is denied it must at least be admitted


_S._ Will the Knowledge of Languages, or of logic and Rhetoric

serve to make a Man of Sense.


report enunciated the totality of the criminalisation strategy

discussed earlier, and its logic then carried through to the

evolution of the twin "normalisation and Ulsterisation"


that was the truth; something assured her there was a fallacy

somewhere in the glowing logic of the proposition- as he saw it-

even though she mightn't put her very finest finger-point on it; and


and the future came and went at their will, but she saw them only in

fitful images, which rose and fell by a logic of their own. It was

extraordinary the things she remembered. Now that she was in the


that we shall be very glad we have money."

Morris Townsend listened to this robust logic in silence. "I will

leave my defense to you; it's a charge that a man has to stoop to


managed to blink her shame by reminding herself that she was, after

all, the official protector of her niece's marriage. Her logic would

scarcely have passed muster with the doctor. In the first place,


a lawyer & member from the Northern Neck, seconded the resolns, & by

him the learning & the logic of the case were chiefly maintained. My

recollections of these transactions may be seen pa. 60, Wirt's life


an ardent mind, prompt imagination, and copious flow of words, he

heard with impatience any logic which was not his own. Sitting near

me on some occasion of a trifling but wordy debate, he asked how I


as to the power of contracting debts, and develope it with that

perspicuity and cogent logic which is so peculiarly yours. Your

station in the councils of our country gives you an opportunity of


neutrals a trade in war not open to them in peace in which you will

find it pulverized by a logic not to be controverted.


And particularly how could Cicero bestow such eulogies on Plato?

Altho' Cicero did not wield the dense logic of Demosthenes, yet he

was able, learned, laborious, practised in the business of the world,


and researches so laborious. And it is the less necessary in this

case, as having been already done by others with a logic and learning

to which I could add nothing. On the decision of the case of Cohens



For "Is" and "Is-not" though with Rule and Line

And "Up" and "Down" by logic I define,

Of all that one should care to fathom,

Was never deep in anything but--Wine.


He bid me taste of it; and 'twas--the Grape!


The Grape that can with logic absolute

The Two-and-Seventy jarring Sects confute:

The sovereign Alchemist that in a trice


were, when men come to the use of reason; neither would that prove

them innate. This way of arguing is as frivolous as the supposition

itself is false. For, by what kind of logic will it appear that any

notion is originally by nature imprinted in the mind in its first

constitution, because it comes first to be observed and assented to


there much more obscure, uncertain, and undetermined in their meaning,

than they are in ordinary conversation.

7. logic and dispute have much contributed to this. This is

unavoidably to be so, where men's parts and learning are estimated

by their skill in disputing. And if reputation and reward shall attend


human knowledge in the whole extent of it. And perhaps if they were

distinctly weighed, and duly considered, they would afford us

another sort of logic and critic, than what we have been hitherto

acquainted with.

  1. This is the first and most general division of the objects of our


metaphysical genius whom the world has seen; and in him, more than

in any other ancient thinker, the germs of future knowledge are

contained. The sciences of logic and psychology, which have supplied

so many instruments of thought to after-ages, are based upon the

analyses of Socrates and Plato. The principles of definition, the


easily passes from ideas to myths and fancies, from facts to figures

of speech. It is not prose but poetry, at least a great part of it,

and ought not to be judged by the rules of logic or the

probabilities of history. The writer is not fashioning his ideas

into an artistic whole; they take possession of him and are too much


Such great honour did Areius receive from Caesar; and by his

intercession many lives were saved, amongst the rest that of

Philostratus, a man, of all the professors of logic that ever were,

the most ready in extempore speaking, but quite destitute of any right

to call himself one of the philosophers of the Academy. Caesar, out of


honest actions, accompanied with an extreme tenderness and

scrupulosity as to doing anything which might appear mean or unworthy;

so that we should need a very nice and subtle logic of

discrimination to detect and establish the distinctions between them.

As to Cato's extraction, it is confessed by all to have been



opportunity afforded by his residence with them, of instilling into

him some notions of the Christian doctrine. Fathers Diaz and Olmedo

exhausted all their battery of logic and persuasion to shake his faith

in his idols, but in vain. He, indeed, paid a most edifying attention,

which gave promise of better things. But the conferences always closed


several apartments, or more frequently have none at all. After an hour

or two passed in discourse, I went to my study till dinner;

beginning with some philosophical work, such as the logic of

Port-Royal, Locke's Essays, Mallebranche, Leibnitz, Descartes, etc.

I soon found that these authors perpetually contradict each other, and


was satisfied with the production, and pointed out some corrections he

thought necessary to be made. However, this composition, full of force

and fire, absolutely wants logic and order; of all the works I ever

wrote, this is the weakest in reasoning, and the most devoid of number

and harmony. With whatever talent a man may be born, the art of


Or so devote to Aristotle's checks

As Ovid be an outcast quite abjur'd.

Balk logic with acquaintance that you have,

And practise rhetoric in your common talk;

Music and poesy use to quicken you;



the most corrupted.

Such, therefore, was the common course of philosophical

education in the greater part of the universities in Europe. logic was

taught first: Ontology came in the second place: Pneumatology,

comprehending the doctrine concerning the nature of the human soul and


prepared to carry out her wishes. Of course, we had then no

alternative but to accept. We were right in principle, and ninety-nine

times out of a hundred we should have proved, by the logic of

events, the accuracy of our judgment. Frankly, however, I must admit

that in this case any other form of disposition would have rendered


He saw my hesitation, and spoke:-

"The logic is simple, no madman's logic this time, jumping from

tussock to tussock in a misty bog. If it be not true, then proof

will be relief, at worst it will not harm. If it be true! Ah, there is


earth," he adds elsewhere, "especially if fresh, has a certain

magnetism in it, by which it attracts the salt, power, or virtue (call

it either) which gives it life, and is the logic of all the labor

and stir we keep about it, to sustain us; all dungings and other

sordid temperings being but the vicars succedaneous to this


victorious by Russian historians.

The Russian military historians in so far as they submit to claims

of logic must admit that conclusion, and in spite of their lyrical

rhapsodies about valor, devotion, and so forth, must reluctantly admit

that the French retreat from Moscow was a series of victories for


small northwesterly portion of a large continent.

Modern history has rejected the beliefs of the ancients without

replacing them by a new conception, and the logic of the situation has

obliged the historians, after they had apparently rejected the

divine authority of the kings and the "fate" of the ancients, to reach


granitic formation. In this we shall undoubtedly find innumerable

springs. The nature of the rock makes this a mathematical certainty,

and instinct agrees with logic to say that it is so. Now, this is

the serious proposition which I have to make to you. When

Christopher Columbus asked of his men three days to discover the


shall be here!' I speak in the present, 'We are here, and we must

profit by it.'"

Ned Land's logic pressed me hard, and I felt myself beaten on that

ground. I knew not what argument would now tell in my favor.

"Sir," continued Ned, "let us suppose an impossibility; if Captain


"Religion is merely the law which binds man to his Creator: in

the law to which I reduced pure religion, that death was only the

and to save her portion of the property, the law required her to marry

all the law of their simple lives- that their Lord was One God, and

mysteries of the Jewish law and history. It was, in short, a meeting

"There is no law by which to determine the superiority of nations;

must worship something is a law which will continue as long as there

largess of royal patrons. He had welcomed the law that bound him to

instant he became serious. "You know the law requires me to follow

"But that is not what I am thinking of. The law does not require the

the law and its forms as in the ages of their decay.

children compared to the Hebrew whose law a Jew must obey."

and in the seventh, by the law of Moses, I went free."

the law after the straitest sect, though not of them. He said I was

for the law of this happy place is Love.'"

sufferable. The law of the place was Love, but Love without law.

those who lived by the law of Moses, and those who lived by the law of

Brahma. They alone could have cried you, Better a law without love

good and beautiful: in her tongue was the law of kindness, and her

in natures, and the law by which we are not permitted always to take

were strict constructionists and rigorous observers of the law as

things of which he had been witness, unaccountable by any law of

me to be worthy my name, and what thou art in law to me, that will I

told it with reference to the law of that time, only a little modified

To that the mistress and Tirzah must come; for the law was inexorable,

through the Soul. In that law see the necessity of which I spoke.

which were blue and white, as prescribed by law for rabbis. His

little less than a law of our nature to spend life in eager pursuit of

certain objects; now appealing to that law as something by which we

told them, 'Go, show yourselves to the priest, as the law requires;

The law forbade her!

"The ban of the law is upon you, too; you cannot return to

the healing, the law being fulfilled, Ben-Hur brought his mother and


Nay, the law is sternly set-

When the sinner out-steppeth the law and heedeth the high God not;

For even o'er Powers divine this law is strong-

He died the death law bids adulterers die.


Stern and fixed the law is; we have hands t' achieve it,

Lo, the law stands-The slayer shall not plead,

Who treads beyond the law with foot impure,

The law of bloodshed, hear me now ordain.

So long as law stands as it stood of old

Uncurbed by law nor curbed by tyranny;


And climb the couch by law denied,

Doth your own hate, or doth the law forbid?

Whose immemorial law doth rule Fate's scales aright:


Nay, the law is sternly set-<BR>

When the sinner out-steppeth the law and heedeth the high God not;</P>

<P> For even o'er Powers divine this law is strong-<BR>

He died the death law bids adulterers die.<BR>


<P> Stern and fixed the law is; we have hands t' achieve it,<BR>

Lo, the law stands-The slayer shall not plead,<BR>

Who treads beyond the law with foot impure,<BR>

The law of bloodshed, hear me now ordain.<BR>

So long as law stands as it stood of old<BR>

Uncurbed by law nor curbed by tyranny;<BR>


And climb the couch by law denied,<BR>

Doth your own hate, or doth the law forbid?<BR>

Whose immemorial law doth rule Fate's scales aright:<BR>


which there is the same law for all, a polity administered with regard

to follow the reason and the law of the most ancient city and polity.

behave towards him according to the natural law of fellowship with

is so, there is a common law also; if this is so, we are

Follow God. The poet says that law rules all.- And it is enough to

remember that law rules all.

same law with God?

He who flies from his master is a runaway; but the law is master,

and he who breaks the law is a runaway. And he also who is grieved

harms law. What then does not harm law does not harm either state or

are agreeable to law and according to the worth of each. And let


instance of (2) would be the law that proportionals alternate.

of a basic truth, which can only be the primary law of the genus

The law that it is impossible to affirm and deny simultaneously

The law that every predicate can be either truly affirmed or truly

law of excluded middle, the law that the subtraction of equals from

Nor can any of the common axioms-such, I mean, as the law of



Council of Areopagus, on declaring what law was broken by the wrong

according to the property classes may be found in the law still in

made a law with express reference to such persons, enacting that any

attain ideal perfection when framing a law in general terms; for we

And many a man whom fraud or law had sold

Since by the force of law I won my ends

establishment of a tyranny. The law ran as follows: 'These are the

use of the law of ostracism. This had originally been passed as a

tyrants, on whose account the law had been passed; but in the

evasion of the law was overlooked. Four years later, in the archonship

the power to inflict death or imprisonment or fine, passing a law that

elected by lot, one from each tribe. According to the law of

The Council also examines infirm paupers; for there is a law which

arbitrations which the lot assigns to him. The law enacts that any one

the law enacts that he shall lose his civil rights. The persons thus

indictments for illegal proposals, or for proposing a law which is

the procedure has lapsed, though the law remains; and the oil is a

resolution or law or affidavit or treaty. When, however, a case is


persuade, nor a statesman whether he shall produce law and order,

the rightly-framed law does this rightly, and the hastily conceived

the majority of the acts commanded by the law are those which are

the law bids us practise every virtue and forbids us to practise any

are those of the acts prescribed by the law which have been prescribed

good or a bad man that has committed adultery; the law looks only to

and selling and in all other matters in which the law has left

nature but by law (nomos) and it is in our power to change it and make

relations are governed by law; and law exists for men between whom

legal justice. The reason is that all law is universal but about

and would have put into his law if he had known. Hence the equitable

equitable, a correction of law where it is defective owing to its

than his share though he has the law oft his side, is equitable, and

right rule of life, and this the law does not allow; therefore he is

of law or be a party to an agreement; therefore there can also be

bargained with him. The law holds that it is more just that the person

man, unless he be a king or something similar), but the law has


Each one gives law to his children and to his wives.

perfected, is the best of animals, but, when separated from law and

that the distinction between slave and freeman exists by law only, and

slave are used in two senses. There is a slave or slavery by law as

well as by nature. The law of which I speak is a sort of convention-

the law by which whatever is taken in war is supposed to belong to the

simply to a principle of justice (for law and custom are a sort of

common interest, but where it rests merely on law and force the

and not rebel. In a word, the result of such a law would be just the

in which the rich are compelled by law to attend the assembly and vote

children are too many for the property, the law must be broken. And,

the Locrians, for example, there is a law that a man is not to sell

preservation of the original lots. Such a law existed in the island of

But if there is a law that artisans are to be public slaves, it should

To the existing law he objected that it obliged the judges to be

Neither is the law to commended which says that the judges, when a

but in courts of law this is impossible, and, indeed, most legislators

laws of a country, even if another law be better. Now, if an changes

at Cumae there is a law about murder, to the effect that if the

disobedience. The analogy of the arts is false; a change in a law is a

very different thing from a change in an art. For the law has no power

particular law is good or bad, when compared with the perfect state;

at all, or, if any, but small or moderate ones. As the law now stands,

Again, the law which relates to the procreation of children is adverse

large families; and there is a law at Sparta that the father of

that they run away from the law into the secret indulgence of

The law about the Spartan admirals has often been censured, and with

all matters of this kind are better regulated by law than by the

such as those of kings and generals, should be bought. The law which

and were retained by him, but that he formed the courts of law out

to the law courts, which are elected by lot, he is thought to have

destroyed the non-democratic element. When the law courts grew

meals of women, and the law about drinking, that the sober shall be

constitution; he has a law which is peculiar to him, that, if a

majority of them are rich. At Thebes there was a law that no man could

many states the law goes to the length of admitting aliens; for in

children; the law is relaxed when there is a dearth of population. But

destructive of a state; and therefore this law of confiscation clearly

supreme power, rather than the law. But what if the law itself be

tyrants are mercenaries. For kings rule according to law over

passion than that in which it is innate. Whereas the law is

all other cases retaining their authority. But when the law cannot

but fill up the gaps which the law is obliged to leave. Or, if such

which the law seems unable to determine, but in such cases can a

man? Nay, it will be replied, the law trains officers for this express

suggests. Therefore he who bids the law rule may be deemed to bid

minds of rulers, even when they are the best of men. The law is reason

seeking for justice men seek for the mean or neutral, for the law is

authority to decide some matters which the law is unable to determine,

since no one doubts that the law would command and decide in the

nexted question whether the best law or the best man should rule.

the law judges well; and it would surely seem strange that a person

multitude able to rule and to obey in turn by a law which gives office

strictly on equality. In such a democracy the law says that it is just

but still the law is supreme. In another, everybody, if he be only a

citizen, is admitted to the government, but the law is supreme as

and supersede the law by their decrees. This is a state of affairs

subject to the law the best citizens hold the first place, and there

there is no constitution. The law ought to be supreme over all, and

already given; so that in this form again the law must rule. A

government being a numerous body, it follows that the law must govern,

the law, they make the law represent their wishes. When this power

own hands, and the law ordains that the son shall succeed the

before, royal, in so far as the monarch rules according to law over

the prohibitions of the law without altering it, and any one who has

those forms of democracy and oligarchy which are regulated by law into

abolish this law and allow their generals to hold perpetual

they afterwards consented, thinking that, if only this one law was

were fixed, there should be power given by law to raise or lower the

by law that its magistrates cannot possibly make money. In oligarchies

And honors should be given by law to magistrates who have the

body. The same law of proportion equally holds in states. Oligarchy or

for services; assembly, law courts, magistrates, everybody receives

or the acropolis. Formerly in many states there was a law forbidding

the law of the Aphytaeans, who, although they are numerous, and do not

heart should counteract them, and make a law that the property of

except any which the law assigns to the priests; such sacrifices

law, probuli, councillors- of these, the guardians of the law are an

once a law in Macedonia that he who had not killed an enemy should

by law and others by custom. Yet to a reflecting mind it must appear

slaves. And therefore he who violates the law can never recover by any

reason, and the same result will follow. For law is order, and good

says, by a law of Sesostris in Egypt and of Minos in Crete. The

sense of honor. Wherefore there is a law in some places which

of those rites which the law or the Pythian oracle has restricted to a

principle and no law having this object is either statesmanlike or

As to the exposure and rearing of children, let there be a law that

at whose festivals the law permits even ribaldry, and whom the law

That education should be regulated by law and should be an affair of


about: for nature (they said) and law are opposites, and justice is

man who agrees with the law by leading him to the facts of nature: for

the standard of nature was the truth, while that of the law was the

of nature and law: for the law represents the opinion of the majority,


non-essentials. This is sound law and custom. It is not right to

danger, in accordance with the law and in obedience to its commands;

to obey the law where physical pleasures are concerned; incontinence

I mean that written law which regulates the life of a particular

deliberately intending harmful and wicked acts contrary to law are (1)

classes of persons. By the two kinds of law I mean particular law

and universal law. Particular law is that which each community lays

unwritten. Universal law is the law of Nature. For there really is, as

is necessary, the law must be expressed in wide terms; and so, if a

whose account a law is passed, and also on those on whose account

permanent and changeless, and that the universal law does not change

either, for it is the law of nature, whereas written laws often do

that sham justice is not, and that consequently the written law is

law in preference to the written. Or perhaps that the law in

contradicts itself. Thus it may be that one law will enact that all

make illegal contracts. Or if a law is ambiguous, we shall turn it

if, though the law still exists, the situation to meet which it was

combat the law thereby. If however the written law supports our

they misunderstand what the law really means. Or that no one chooses

than the laws is just what is forbidden by those codes of law that are

kind; and that, while contracts do not of course make the law binding,

the law does make any lawful contract binding, and that the law itself

repudiates any contract is repudiating the law itself. Further, most

are suitable which we can use to fight a law that tells against us. We

do not regard ourselves as bound to observe a bad law which it was a

see if the contract contravenes either universal law or any written

for prosecution and defence in the law courts. We have considered

that is, in law suits and in political debates, in both of which there

further instance of induction may be taken from the law of Theodectes:

short men boys'. And Theodectes in his law said, 'You make citizens of

the laws required a law to set them right. 'Why', he went on, 'fish

cutting through Athos'; 'nature gave them their country and law took


metaphorically, nor yet literally, as when the law is said to be the

nor is the law ordinarily so called in a literal sense. So then, if

a man says that the law is literally a 'measure' or an 'image', he

emendation of the existing law and, if the emendation is better,


disgraceful and forbidden by law on earth is on the contrary

the law of the strongest in their due turn? But tell me, where are you

But we have also an ancient law written in the code of the storks,

friend. The law will not allow you an obolus of the paternal property,

The law forbids it, and this same Posidon would be the first to


I think the meaning of the law is quite misunderstood.

But the law nowhere admits that fathers should be treated thus.

Was not the legislator who carried this law a man like you and me?

pursue them at law or shall I....? Order and I obey.-You are right, no


the flat-nosed to whom the law gives the right to make love first;

No, but in accordance with the new law that has been decreed, I am

nonsense about that, for my authority is the law and the law must be

It's not I but the law that leads you off.


silent on high and by an unwearied law dispensing penal blindness to

Thy law prescribes, O Lord: who this way formest the offspring of this

Theft is punished by Thy law, O Lord, and the law written in the

according to custom, but out of the most rightful law of God Almighty,

should all stand guilty of the same crime, by the law of God, which

he not find Thy law in his own punishment? And Thy law is truth, and

is the law of them. Thus much has Thou allotted them, because they are

as lawful what by Thy eternal law shall never be lawful; and they

I know not whom, who wished to engraff the law of the Jews upon the

I joyed also that the old Scriptures of the law and the Prophets

might practise something of the law he had studied, more to please his

For, though a man be delighted with the law of God after the inner

man, what shall he do with that other law in his members which warreth

against the law of his mind, and bringeth him into captivity to the

This law holds in foul and accursed joy; this in permitted and

Emperor Julian a law was made, whereby Christians were forbidden to

according to the inner man, when another law in my members rebelled

against the law of my mind, and led me captive under the law of sin

which was in my members. For the law of sin is the violence of custom,

sitting released from his law business, and awaiting to whom to sell

be mortified. They tell thee of delights, but not as doth the law of

fast for ever and ever, Thou hast given it a law which it shall not

subversion of the hearers. But the law is good to edify, if a man

Master know, upon which two commandments He hung all the law and the

and before my brethren, who employ Thy law lawfully, to the end of

many should occur, where many may occur; this being the law my

been the ministers of the law unto us, as in the firmament which is


runs to, the more ought law to weed it out. For as for the first

putteth the law out of office. Certainly, in taking revenge, a man

there is no law to punish; else a man's enemy is still before hand,

of his law or sect; a quarrel that he may always command. The

remember, what the apostle saith of a greater law than theirs; Nos

man will give law to himself in it.

Sumptuary law: law against extravagance


038:013 And it was told Tamar, saying, Behold thy father in law goeth

Judah, saying, Tamar thy daughter in law hath played the

047:026 And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt unto this day,

012:049 One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the

a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORD's law may be in

018:006 And he said unto Moses, I thy father in law Jethro am come

018:008 And Moses told his father in law all that the LORD had done

Israel, to eat bread with Moses' father in law before God.

018:014 And when Moses' father in law saw all that he did to the

018:017 And Moses' father in law said unto him, The thing that thou

018:027 And Moses let his father in law depart; and he went his way

006:009 Command Aaron and his sons, saying, This is the law of the

006:014 And this is the law of the meat offering: the sons of Aaron

006:025 Speak unto Aaron and to his sons, saying, This is the law of

007:001 Likewise this is the law of the trespass offering: it is most

one law for them: the priest that maketh atonement therewith

007:011 And this is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which

007:037 This is the law of the burnt offering, of the meat offering,

011:046 This is the law of the beasts, and of the fowl, and of every

This is the law for her that hath born a male or a female.

013:059 This is the law of the plague of leprosy in a garment of

014:002 This shall be the law of the leper in the day of his

014:032 This is the law of him in whom is the plague of leprosy, whose

014:054 This is the law for all manner of plague of leprosy, and

law of leprosy.

015:032 This is the law of him that hath an issue, and of him whose

005:029 This is the law of jealousies, when a wife goeth aside to

006:013 And this is the law of the Nazarite, when the days of his

006:021 This is the law of the Nazarite who hath vowed, and of his

must do after the law of his separation.

015:016 One law and one manner shall be for you, and for the stranger

015:029 Ye shall have one law for him that sinneth through ignorance,

019:002 This is the ordinance of the law which the LORD hath

the battle, This is the ordinance of the law which the LORD

004:044 And this is the law which Moses set before the children of

017:011 According to the sentence of the law which they shall teach

kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book

to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do

027:026 Cursed be he that confirmeth not all the words of this law to

028:058 If thou wilt not observe to do all the words of this law that

words of this law in a book, until they were finished,

001:008 This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but

Israel, as it is written in the book of the law of Moses, an

008:032 And he wrote there upon the stones a copy of the law of Moses,

written in the book of the law of Moses, that ye turn not

024:026 And Joshua wrote these words in the book of the law of God,

father in law of Moses, had severed himself from the Kenites,

answered, Samson, the son in law of the Timnite, because he

019:007 And when the man rose up to depart, his father in law urged

her two daughters in law with her; and they went on the way to

001:015 And she said, Behold, thy sister in law is gone back unto her

me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law since the

law saw what she had gleaned: and she brought forth, and gave

002:019 And her mother in law said unto her, Where hast thou gleaned

knowledge of thee. And she shewed her mother in law with whom

003:001 Then Naomi her mother in law said unto her, My daughter, shall

that her mother in law bade her.

of God was taken, and that her father in law and her husband

her father in law and her husband.

father's family in Israel, that I should be son in law to the

law in the one of the twain.

and his testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses,

the son in law of the house of Ahab.

010:031 But Jehu took no heed to walk in the law of the LORD God of

that which is written in the book of the law of Moses, wherein

according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and

ordinances, or after the law and commandment which the LORD

according to all the law that my servant Moses commanded them.

have found the book of the law in the house of the LORD. And

put away, that he might perform the words of the law which

all his might, according to all the law of Moses; neither

002:004 And Tamar his daughter in law bore him Pharez and Zerah. All

according to all that is written in the law of the LORD, which

kingdom, and had strengthened himself, he forsook the law of

to do the law and the commandment.

017:009 And they taught in Judah, and had the book of the law of the

dwell in your cities, between blood and blood, between law and

offerings of the LORD, as it is written in the law of Moses,

the law in the book of Moses, where the LORD commanded,

the law of Moses the man of God: the priests sprinkled the

law of the LORD.

might be encouraged in the law of the LORD.

to the whole law and the statutes and the ordinances by the

found the book of the law in the house of the LORD. And

according to that which was written in the law of the LORD,

burnt offerings thereon, as it is written in the law of Moses

the law of Moses, which the LORD God of Israel had given: and

007:010 For Ezra had prepared his heart to seek the law of the LORD,

the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace, and at such a

according to the law of thy God which is in thine hand;

the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, shall

007:026 And whosoever will not do the law of thy God, and the law of

the son in law of Shechaniah the son of Arah; and his son

unto Ezra the scribe to bring the book of the law of Moses,

008:002 And Ezra the priest brought the law before the congregation

008:008 So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and

008:014 And they found written in the law which the LORD had commanded

in the book of the law of God. And they kept the feast seven

law of the LORD their God one fourth part of the day; and

and cast thy law behind their backs, and slew thy prophets

the portions of the law for the priests and Levites: for Judah

priest, was son in law to Sanballat the Horonite: therefore I

so was the king's manner toward all that knew law and

called, there is one law of his to put him to death, except

022:022 Receive, I pray thee, the law from his mouth, and lay up his

001:002 But his delight is in the law of the LORD; and in his law doth

019:007 The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the

037:031 The law of his God is in his heart; none of his steps shall

040:008 I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my

081:004 For this was a statute for Israel, and a law of the God of

119:001 Blessed are the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of

119:044 So shall I keep thy law continually for ever and ever.

119:072 The law of thy mouth is better unto me than thousands of gold

law is my delight.

119:092 Unless thy law had been my delights, I should then have

119:113 I hate vain thoughts: but thy law do I love.

119:163 I hate and abhor lying: but thy law do I love.

119:174 I have longed for thy salvation, O LORD; and thy law is my

the law of thy mother:

006:023 For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and

007:002 Keep my commandments, and live; and my law as the apple of

013:014 The law of the wise is a fountain of life, to depart from the

028:004 They that forsake the law praise the wicked: but such as keep

the law contend with them.

028:007 Whoso keepeth the law is a wise son: but he that is a

law of kindness.

the law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah.

the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the

008:016 Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples.

008:020 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according

that will not hear the law of the LORD:

for a law shall proceed from me, and I will make my judgment

the law knew me not: the pastors also transgressed against me,

008:008 How do ye say, We are wise, and the law of the LORD is with

009:013 And the LORD saith, Because they have forsaken my law which I

Jeremiah; for the law shall not perish from the priest, nor

sealed according to the law and custom, and that which was

Gentiles: the law is no more; her prophets also find no vision

law shall perish from the priest, and counsel from the

043:012 This is the law of the house; Upon the top of the mountain the

this is the law of the house.

it be not changed, according to the law of the Medes and

according to the law of the Medes and Persians, which altereth

king, Know, O king, that the law of the Medes and Persians is,

poured upon us, and the oath that is written in the law of

009:013 As it is written in the law of Moses, all this evil is come

they have despised the law of the LORD, and have not kept his

his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of

against her mother, the daughter in law against her mother in

001:004 Therefore the law is slacked, and judgment doth never go

002:006 The law of truth was in his mouth, and iniquity was not found

seek the law at his mouth: for he is the messenger of the LORD

004:004 Remember ye the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded

you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the

011:013 For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John.

022:040 On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

002:022 And when the days of her purification according to the law of

002:023 (As it is written in the law of the LORD, Every male that

the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two young

002:039 And when they had performed all things according to the law of

there were Pharisees and doctors of the law sitting by, which

daughter against the mother; the mother in law against her

daughter in law, and the daughter in law against her mother in

016:016 The law and the prophets were until John: since that time the

of the law to fail.

fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the

001:017 For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by

007:049 But this people who knoweth not the law are cursed.

007:051 Doth our law judge any man, before it hear him, and know what

008:005 Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned:

012:034 The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that

018:013 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to

019:007 The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought

007:053 Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and

013:015 And after the reading of the law and the prophets the rulers

from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses.

to command them to keep the law of Moses.

have a matter against any man, the law is open, and there are

and taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the

things which are written in the law and in the prophets:

025:008 While he answered for himself, Neither against the law of the

the law of Moses, and out of the prophets, from morning till

002:012 For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish

without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be

002:013 (For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the

doers of the law shall be justified.

are a law unto themselves:

002:015 Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their

law dishonourest thou God?

003:019 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to

003:020 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be

justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of

003:021 But now the righteousness of God without the law is

manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;

Nay: but by the law of faith.

003:031 Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea,

004:014 For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void,

004:015 Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is

005:013 (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not

005:020 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But

law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he

007:002 For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to her

is loosed from the law of her husband.

007:004 Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by

007:007 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had

except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.

manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead.

007:009 For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment

007:012 Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just,

007:014 For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold

007:022 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:

007:023 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law

of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin

mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law

008:002 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me

free from the law of sin and death.

008:003 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the

008:004 That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us,

subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

009:031 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness,

hath not attained to the law of righteousness.

010:004 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every

006:006 But brother goeth to law with brother, and that before the

go to law one with another. Why do ye not rather take wrong?

007:039 The wife is bound by the law as long as her husband liveth;

009:008 Say I these things as a man? or saith not the law the same

009:009 For it is written in the law of Moses, Thou shalt not muzzle

without law to God, but under the law to Christ,) that I might

014:021 In the law it is written, With men of other tongues and other

the law shall no flesh be justified.

002:019 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live

003:010 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the

not in all things which are written in the book of the law to

003:011 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God,

003:012 And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them

003:021 Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for

if there had been a law given which could have given life,

003:024 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto

005:014 For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this; Thou

006:002 Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfil the law of

002:015 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of

001:008 But we know that the law is good, if a man use it lawfully;

001:009 Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man,

007:016 Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but

007:019 For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a

007:028 For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity; but

009:022 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and

010:001 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not

010:028 He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or

001:025 But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and

002:008 If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou

convinced of the law as transgressors.

law of liberty.


principles of jurisprudence to draw a principle from a law made in a

competence and power would soon be confounded and no law be left but

the new, by the statute law operating on the principles of the

describing the persons. Both these descriptions of law are of the same

On this principle, the law of inheritance had admitted some

obtained the crown by law or by force, the hereditary succession was

body of our statute law which passed under those whom they treat as

inheritance as King James did. He came in according to the law as it

by the law as it stood at their several accessions of Protestant

The law by which this royal family is specifically destined to the

solid principles of law and policy. If all the absurd theories of

conversant, we should have no law and no religion left in the world.

As he is not to obey us, but as we are to obey the law in him, our

produce to them the positive statute law which affirms that he is not.

only security for law and liberty. If you are desirous of knowing

standing law of the kingdom. In the matter of fact, for the greater

In the famous law of the 3rd of Charles I, called the Petition

the old common law of Europe meliorated and adapted to its present

faculty of law was joined a pretty considerable proportion of the

as it can keep the breakers of law in India from becoming the makers

of law for England. The power, however, of the House of Commons,

his right. It is an institution of beneficence; and law itself is only

right of self-defense, the first law of nature. Men cannot enjoy the

there were neither law nor authority nor power left to protect? What

the silent tomb shall have imposed its law on our pert loquacity. In

destruction. This people refused to change their law in remote ages

each in their appointed place. This law is not subject to the will

the law is broken, nature is disobeyed, and the rebellious are

duties imposed upon us by the law of social union as, upon any pretext

upon any principles of law or of policy, but as a cause, for the

undoubtedly it was, with law and liberty, had yet been every day

nothing, law and usage are nothing. I see the National Assembly openly

by the law of nations. But you, who began with refusing to submit to

it; when the law had long made their adherence to its rules a ground

any constitutional law of the state. They have departed from the

has derived its birth from no law and no necessity, but which, on

of the wisest counsels. In vain will the law attempt to anticipate

some time or other, you intend to give them some law by which they are

if they submit to, they leave no ground of law to the subject. They

not by what law they judge, nor under what authority they act, nor

Assembly is not to be subject to law either for protection or for

pleasure and giving that as law to you which, under your authority, is

transmitted as law to us. Through you these burghers dispose of the

them, you could have made the law that degrades them. You have

of value in commerce, because in law it is of none. It is powerful

degenerate imitation. It is not true that law built solely on a


*(2) With respect to insects see Dr. Laycock, "On a General law of

and in this case man obeyed, as might have been expected, the law of

Polynesians, have very wide ranges. It is a well-known law that

growth; but of this law I have found no good instance in the case of

not been lost; and we positively know that the same law holds good

proofs and examples of the Darwinian principle of reversion, or law of

consequently to the rigid law of natural selection. Beneficial

The savage would certainly neither know nor care by what law the

flattery, nor by any threat, but merely by holding up thy naked law in

name, though not a relation. "To violate this law is a crime which the

exemplified by the law of Honour, that is, the law of the opinion of

from the law of the deviation from an average, that prodigies of

died.* A similar law was proved to hold good, during the years 1863

by the law of battle and other customs of which vestiges still remain,

man. It is not probable that, through the law of analogous

Seeing how general is this law of the susceptibility of the

as Kirby remarks, "the law is that the male shall seek the female."*

seems a law almost as general as the eagerness of the male.

it is also, as we have seen, an extremely general law that the adult

some unknown law leading to this result in decreasing races, which

the same law prevailing throughout the great sub-kingdom of the

law of Battle.- Some male beetles, which seem ill-fitted for

to one sex, according to the law of inheritance which has prevailed.

the law of battle does not prevail nearly so widely with insects as

through the law of the equal transmission of characters to both sexes,

law of Battle.- Almost all male birds are extremely pugnacious,

on the law of battle, are in most cases highly ornamented; and their

sexual selection, and asks, "What explanation does the law of

The force of the present law is well shewn in those groups, in

of the law that secondary sexual characters are often widely different

the young. For it is known that, when the law of inheritance at

failure of the law of inheritance at corresponding ages, at some

have plenty of food; and a somewhat similar law may prevail with the

parents; so that we must look to the law of sexually-limited

modified, must at present remain doubtful. When, through the law of

Whenever the law of inheritance at corresponding ages prevails but

the law of battle than through the display of his charms. The most

The law of battle prevails with aquatic as with terrestrial mammals.

will have tended, in accordance with the law often indicated, to

still retained by the young; and owing to the law of inheritance at

Summary.- The law of battle for the possession of the female appears

The law of the equal transmission of characters to both sexes, as

law of Battle.- With savages, for instance, the Australians, the

higher Quadrumana,* that the law of battle had prevailed with man

from the law of the deviation from averages, so well illustrated by

of her by the law of might; or, as when they speak of a polygamous

have been acquired through the law of battle. The semi-human


case. The law of correlated variation, the importance of which

that, owing to the law of correlation, when one part varies, and the

scale of nature the law of battle descends, I know not; male

to believe that it is a general law of nature that no organic being

On the belief that this is a law of nature, we can, I think,

general law of good being derived from the intercrossing of distinct

individuals is a very general, if not universal, law of nature.

surface, his law "that homologous units of any order become

their law of compensation or balancement of growth; or, as Goethe

nature it can hardly be maintained that the law is of universal

grouped them under his law of Equable Variability.

possibly even the form of the pelvis; and then by the law of

Summary: the law of Unity of Type and of the Conditions of Existence

variation. Hence, in fact, the law of the Conditions of Existence is

necessary law of development, but is powerless against the doctrine of

of one general law leading to the advancement of all organic

universal law of nature. He experimented on some of the very same

fixed law of development, causing all the inhabitants of an area to

most decisive of all trials- the law of battle. Besides these inherent

Old World. We see the same law in this author's restorations of the

of the caves of Brazil. Mr. Woodward has shown that the same law holds

Now what does this remarkable law of the succession of the same

pretended that it is an immutable law that marsupials should have been

that in America the law of distribution of terrestrial mammals was

On the theory of descent with modification, the great law of the

and stations. It is a law of the widest generality, and every

existence of any law of necessary development. As the variability of

The same law which has determined the relationship between the

probably accounts for a law which has long been observed, and which

bones in widely different animals. We see the same great law in the

two pairs of maxillae. The same law governs the construction of the

is with very many other animals. A trace of the law of embryonic

still obey, more or less closely, the law of common embryonic

this to be a universal law of nature; and we may hope hereafter to see

the law proved true. It can, however, be proved true only in those

first appeared. It should also be borne in mind, that the law may be

of demonstration. The law will not strictly hold good in those cases

in innovation. But why this should be a law of nature if each

wonderful law of the long endurance of allied forms on the same

discovery ever made by man, namely, the law of the attraction of

MORPHOLOGY, The law of form or structure independent of function.


is only the law of Christ speaking in his conscience. It is only by

the difference is that besides the established law courts we have

men love their neighbours. That there was no law of nature that man

that the whole natural law lies in that faith, and that if you were to

or immortality, the moral law of nature must immediately be changed

prejudice, but even now the law does not allow you to drag your old

to make use of papers I've signed to go to law against me. And so I

and man and human nature, everything is there, and a law for

"No, you show me this: you tell me the law that allows roguery.

meet? It seems to be a law of their nature."

would show what a blessing reformed law courts are. I knew nothing

we'll drink to the reformed law courts. I don't believe he'd be

the old slaveman, if necessary. There is no law for God. Where God


of history preexist in the mind as laws. Each law in turn is made by

what has befallen us. Each new law and political movement has

there law was enacted, the sea was searched, the land was found, or

History must be this or it is nothing. Every law which the

the Devil." No law can be sacred to me but that of my nature. Good

his will are rounded in by the law of his being, as the inequalities

or the great proprietor to walk among them by a law of his own, make

not with money but with honor, and represent the law in his person,

men, plastic and permeable to principles, by the law of nature must

its presence and impure action. I see the same law working in nature

henceforward I obey no law less than the eternal law. I will have no

the law of consciousness abides. There are two confessionals, in one

popular code. If any one imagines that this law is lax, let him keep

some facts that indicate the path of the law of Compensation; happy

This law writes the laws of cities and nations. It is in vain

code sanguinary, juries will not convict. If the law is too mild,

this back-stroke, this kick of the gun, certifying that the law is

overmastered and characterized above our will by the law of nature.

the operative. The law of nature is, Do the thing, and you shall

On the other hand, the law holds with equal sureness for all

advertisements of a nature whose law is growth. Every soul is by

superseded by the discovery of the law that water rises to the level

would show us, that a higher law than that of our will regulates

he can compel. This is a law which statesmen use in practice. All

shine through him, to suffer the law to traverse his whole being

old leaf? The law of nature is alternation for evermore. Each

intelligence. But I find this law of _one to one_ peremptory for

It respects space and time, climate, want, sleep, the law of

our modes of living, and making every law our enemy, which seems at

that every thing in nature, even motes and feathers, go by law and

After its own law and not by arithmetic is the rate of its

This is the law of moral and of mental gain. The simple rise

of law to his mind, he is overflowed with a reliance so universal,

that the grass grows and the stone falls by a law inferior to, and

God is a transparent law, not a mass of facts. The law dissolves the

general law only a particular fact of some more general law presently

The same law of eternal procession ranges all that we call the

the secret law of some class of facts.

previously laid siege to the shrine. It seems as if the law of the

intellect resembled that law of nature by which we now inspire, now

the blood, -- the law of undulation. So now you must labor with your

not, and respects the highest law of his being.

A true announcement of the law of creation, if a man were found


him who administers the whole, as good citizens do to the law of the

What is the law of life

This also is an hypothetical law that we must accept what follows from

the hypothesis. But much before this law is the law of life, that we

showing it; for this is the law of nature and of God that the superior

by his own body, but to remember the law and to have it before his

There are certain penalties fixed as by law for those who disobey

always, and have in readiness, the truth that this is a law of nature,

is this not possible, but the law divine and strong and inevitable

the greatest crimes? For what does this law say? "Let him who pretends

general, the state, the law of the state. Give it me then, for I

must always obey the law in everything. Then, when the appearance

my own, because I want nothing, because law is everything to me, and


him who administers the whole, as good citizens do to the law of the

What is the law of life

This also is an hypothetical law that we must accept what follows from

the hypothesis. But much before this law is the law of life, that we

showing it; for this is the law of nature and of God that the superior

by his own body, but to remember the law and to have it before his

There are certain penalties fixed as by law for those who disobey

always, and have in readiness, the truth that this is a law of nature,

is this not possible, but the law divine and strong and inevitable

the greatest crimes? For what does this law say? "Let him who pretends

general, the state, the law of the state. Give it me then, for I

must always obey the law in everything. Then, when the appearance

my own, because I want nothing, because law is everything to me, and


we foment no hatred. We say that the class struggle is a law of social

that law is one thing and right is another thing. Ask any lawyer.

of the law business of the Sierra Mills, of the Erston Land Syndicate,

hundred thousand dollars. He was a master of law. The law was a puppet

himself in courts of law over dollars and cents. This railroad magnate

'You know law and business, Colonel Van Gilbert. You know how to

of how best to evade the law or make new law for the benefit of

Remember that. Remember, also, that your law is the stuff of a day,

said, the law. It has been the law for years, for nine years,

secondly, the law was rushed through Congress and the Senate secretly,

fellow-militiamen. Nine years ago we socialists thought that law was

that. Behind law must be force to execute the law. To-day the

Plutocracy makes the law, and to enforce the law it has at its beck

getting a law passed in Pennsylvania providing that proof of the age

unconstitutional the law prohibiting minors and women from working

that such a law was 'class legislation.' Again, the bakers of that

Supreme Court of the United States declared this law to be

become slaves driven to toil by empty stomachs and the law of the

won't be called that; it will be called enforcing the law of the

carry weapons. Violation of this law was made a high misdemeanor and

As for the militia, the militia law of 1903 was put into effect, and


Not as the law of a God do I desire it, not as a human law or a

its sky, and its neighbour, then wouldst thou divine the law of its

will as a law over thee? Canst thou be judge for thyself, and

commanding. Of its own law must it become the judge and avenger and

"And this itself is justice, the law of time- that he must devour

I am a law only for mine own; I am not a law for all. He, however,


this law harsh; and it is one of the main reasons which has caused a

fallatur.* We must not see the fact of usurpation; law was once

This law would be absurd and unjust; but, because men are so

believe that truth can be found, and that it exists in law and custom,

520. The law has not destroyed nature, but has instructed it;

522. The law imposed what it did not give. Grace gives what it

most strict and most zealous that can be named for their law and their

* In discipulis meis. Isaiah 8. 16. "Seal the law among my

did not interpret the law according to the letter. So our religion

always exist on the earth; that their law has a double

man, who worship one God and guide themselves by a law which they

worthy of attention. I look at the law which they boast of having

obtained from God, and I find it admirable. It is the first law of all

and is of such a kind that, even before the term law was in currency

strange that the first law of the world happens to be the most

from it, as is apparent from the law of the Twelve Tables at Athens,

The law by which this people is governed is at once the most

ancient law in the world, the most perfect, and the only one which has

the very name of law was only known by the oldest nation more than a

But this law is at the same time the severest and strictest of all

Josephus says that the law was in Hebrew when it was translated by

restore to the people the law given by Moses." This is Pascal's

prophesied of the Messiah only- the law is not eternal, but must

647. That the law was figurative.

by the words law and sacrifice anything else than that of Moses, there

of acting against the law of God, they did not heed the prophets,

filled with His Spirit than it was that the law must be obeyed. They

knew that the end of the law was only the Holy Spirit; and that

fulfilled, and the teaching of their law was to worship and love God

To know if the law and the sacrifices are a reality or a type,

said that Israel would be always loved by God and that the law would

685. Types.- If the law and the sacrifices are the truth, it

It is said that the law shall be changed; that the sacrifice shall

It is said, on the contrary, that the law shall abide for ever;

Joseph so internal in a law so external.

701. The zeal of the Jews for their law and their temple

snared, and perish. Hide my words, and cover my law for my disciples.

"Hearken unto me, my people, and give ear unto me; for a law shall

should place His law not in externals, but in the heart; that He

the heart. Who does not see the Christian law in all this?

of His miracles: "This people who knoweth not the law are cursed.

"Doth our law judge any man before it hear him, and specially such a

  • "The strictest law is the greatest injustice." Terrence, Heauton


Ath. I am willing-And first, I want to know why the law has ordained

will be the law forbidding any young men to enquire which of them

the wildest pleasure and licence, and every other folly, the law has

by us the common law of the State; there are others which are hard and

Ath. And when we want to make any one fearless, we and the law bring

towards that right reason, which the law affirms, and which the

who obey the law, but may rather follow the law and rejoice and sorrow

noble principle in life which the law approves, and which is

intercourse would be regulated by law and observant of it, and the

Lacedaemonians, and am disposed rather to the law of the

caves on the tops of high mountains, and every one gives law to his

to nature, but according to nature, being the rule of law over willing

first and second and third class, we who are lovers of law may make

issue. Men say that the law ought not to regard either military

that state in which the law is subject and has no authority, I

which the law is above the rulers, and the rulers are the inferiors of

the law prescribes in the places which are sacred to them. Next

Ath. Then let me first give the law of marriage in a simple form; it

simple law about marriage. The double law would run thus:-A man

children, is impiety. He who obeys the law shall be free, and shall

determine in favour of the longer; and I would have every law made

truer and higher strain of law and politics, no one has ever yet

not exactly double, but they are in two parts, the law and the prelude

the law pure and simple; and that which preceded, and was described by

legislation every single law should have a suitable preamble at the

the law is that in which there prevails most widely the ancient

females in marriage according to the law to be hereafter enacted,

offences both against the law and the God. How great is the benefit of

Further, the law enjoins that no private man shall be allowed to

and temperate habits, that law must clearly be wrong. Wherefore, also,

a law of inequality, which will be in proportion to his wealth, he

or poorer from being richer. The form of law which I should propose as

disobeys this our law any one who likes may inform against him and

the magistrates whom the law appoints, so that all suits about money

produced out of them up to 5040; wherefore the law ought to order

we fear the appearance of minuteness, if the law commands that all the

who pleases can read about his onces. The guardian of the law shall

as the work of legislation progresses, each law in turn will assign to

the law shall convene the assembly in some holy spot which is suitable

observe the order appointed by law for the agora, and shall have the

speaking of education, the law means to speak of those who have the

speaking of contests, the law refers to the judges of gymnastics and

they do not go (the guardians of the law shall judge of their

of the law whom they severally think will be the best superintendent

A city which has no regular courts of law ceases to be a city; and

doubts. For this reason, he who goes to law with another should go

the state at all. And for this reason there shall be a court of law in

united opinion the legislator and guardian of the law ought to keep in

prevail, as the law ordains.

appropriate. For, as Cleinias says, every law should have a suitable

results which we least desire to happen. Now, to add to the law an

result occurs. Wherefore also the law must let alone such matters, but

pronounced by the law to be a coward and a bad citizen. Of the

them on account of property. And he who obeys this law will do a noble

guardians of the law as a man wanting in true taste, and

generation to another, and worshipping the Gods according to law for

guardians of the law shall pass any further enactments which their

which the law may be deficient. And now that these matters, and the

that they will conform to law in their common and public life, is

has law and order in a state is the cause of every good, but that

principles of fear and law and right reason; turning them away from

the law and abide by their permission and appointment. The women who

up, if he cannot in a court of law convict those who have inscribed

enactments of law may be left to slumber; but, if they are disorderly,

destruction of the written law because mankind get the habit of

frequently transgressing the law in small matters. The result is

follows? Shall we make a ridiculous law that the pregnant woman

of the law appoint. These matrons shall be chosen by the women who

subject of law has arisen, which requires the utmost consideration,

observes this law shall be blameless; but he who is disobedient, as

Cle. By all means; that law is approved by the suffrages of us all.

Ath. But what shall be our next musical law or type? Ought not

Cle. What?-will you explain the law more precisely?

Ath. Shall we make a law that the poet shall compose nothing

always made ten thousand times better by attaining to law and order,

moderation and temperance, may be declared both in law and in ordinary

state rather than to their parents. My law would apply to females as

have said, he who rejects the law must find some other ground of

whether the regulation is to be called a law or only a practice,

But how can our law sufficiently train the director of education.

time in learning music than the law allows. And let him who disobeys

the law be deprived of those youthful honours of which we shall

Cle. How would you advise the guardian of the law to act?

the law who is also the director of education can have. He cannot do

Ath. O my friend, there will be no difficulty, for the law has

Ath. Suppose that we carry our law to the extent of saying that

guardian of the law should enquire into them and search them out,

in law and in our discourse, as the regulations of laughable

ordained by law about all dances and the teaching of them, and let

beyond mere legislation. There is something over and above law which

these no less than the principles of law which are sanctioned by

the law be as follows:-Let no one hinder these who verily are sacred

ought to take note of what is omitted. The law will say that there are

director of education and the guardians of the law meeting together

youth imposes a law of moderation on them; moreover, the eye of the

lay down the law which existed before the days of Laius, and

that these loves are accounted by law to be honourable, or at least

of love, ought the law to prohibit and forbid them all to exist

son or daughter the same unwritten law holds, and is a most perfect

that which is sown is not likely to grow? Now if a law to this

Cle. And what law would you advise them to pass if this one failed?

and sanctioned by custom and made law by unwritten prescription; on

called the laws of husbandmen. And let the first of them be the law of

up. He who obeys the law will never know the fatal consequences of

disobedience, but he who despises the law shall be liable to a

many law givers, which we may use, not deeming it necessary that the

that case be always punished in accordance with the law which

without payment, as a tribute of hospitality. The law however

receive them, and the guardians of the law shall make fit and proper

sell to strangers are sold to them, as the law ordains. And let the

in common market, at any place which the guardians of the law and

which the law inflicts is designed for evil, but always makes him

of the law refer to the registers, and inform the judges of the

Ath. Once more let there be a third general law respecting the

be one law for all three, for the traitor, and the robber of

Ath. Certainly, in that case, Cleinias, our view of law will be more

temples, and he who was the enemy of law and order, might justly be

has been given for injustice, the law must always seek to win over the

the time which the law appoints, or even set his foot at all on his

native land, he shall be bound by the guardians of the law in the

has been purified according to the law brought from Delphi relating to

contrary to law, let the guardians of the law punish him with death;

wise: (and here the law has difficulty in determining exactly; for

in some cases the murderer who is judged by the law to be the worse

these things the guardians of the law must take cognisance):-When a

when about to suffer death at the hands of his parents, no law will

self-defence, let him be subject to the same law as he who has

killed a father; and let the law about the remission of penalties in

But if he will not listen, let the following law be declared and

of the law stirs up the voices of men against him; and in the second

guards and avenges the blood of kindred, follows the law of

violence of his appointed share of life, not because the law of the

border. Let this one law then be laid down by us about murder; and let

of laws to rule over him; for there is no law or order which is

choose law and order, which are second best. These look at things as

of law to determine all these things, or not to determine any of them,

enemy, and whom the law does not permit him to slay, and he wounds

his will-in such a case the law will remit the punishment of death,

if he refuse, he shall be liable to be convicted by law of refusal

more, the same law shall hold about the bystanders assisting, and he

in any of these cases and did not assist according to law be punished,

not deprive him of his property. Let the law be as follows:-The

be a common law embracing all these cases. For we have already said in

made by art and by law have no basis in nature, but are of authority

under the idea that the Gods are not such as the law bids them

think that the Gods are such as the law ordains (and this may be

will not make their actions conform to the copy which the law gives

them, then he who refuses to obey the law shall die, or suffer stripes

which you were just now mentioning; he ought to support the law and

there are Gods, of whom the law is said now to approve, let us take

Ath. Then thought and attention and mind and art and law will be

pious. And to those who disobey, let the law about impiety be as

to be bound according to law in the prison which is in the centre of

the rations of food appointed by the guardians of the law from the

view to all these cases we should obey the law. The law has also

levity, let the guardians of the law determine, before they bring

understanding that the law gives no protection in cases of things sold

collection, he is to act on the understanding that the law gives no

and the restitutions which the law allows. And let legal restitution

the purchaser, according to the law of the interpreters, and shall pay

this rule, let the law be as follows:-He who sells anything in the

and the guardians of the law shall obtain information from experienced

counsel and reason, and the law shall come afterwards. Retail trade in

After this preface let our law run as follows, and may fortune

trade must be either a metic or a stranger. And a third law shall

good or as little bad as possible, the guardians of the law shall

quite necessary in a state-about these the guardians of the law should

agreement be of a nature which the law or a vote of the assembly

his will by some unexpected chance, the other party may go to law with

suffer at the hands of the God, and in the second place, the law shall

man undertakes a work, the law gives him the same advice which was

but simply ask the value; this the law enjoins also on the contractor;

let the law and the Gods maintain the common bonds of the state. And

public works;-if they execute their work well the law will never

honour, the law will blame him. Let this then be the law, having an

reproaches, and so they passed a law to the effect that a man should

to the living and dying, Cleinias, and let the law be as follows:

of guardians, whom the guardians of the law shall appoint when the

impossible consideration. Let the law about these matters where

dies without making a will, let the previous law in general hold;

behalf of the lawgiver and of his subjects, the law begging the latter

left fifteen of the guardians of the law to be arbiters and fathers of

orphans, the law speaks in serious accents, both of persuasion and

he among the guardians of the law to whom the superintendence of

contrary to the law on these matters, if he be a guardian of the

let the state appoint another guardian of the law for the city and for

done in these cases must be regulated by some such law as the

indicting his father for insanity, let the law in that case or, that

he shall first of all go to the eldest guardians of the law and tell

male or female, the law will advise rather than compel the husband

of the law shall send away the offspring of the man and its mother.

any one, let the law follow, which may be rightly imposed in these

knowledge about them. But we must have a law in two parts,

fellow-worker with the legislator, whenever the law leaves to him to

state. Let this, then, be the law about abuse, which shall relate to

be sanctioned or not to be sanctioned by the law in the employment

legislator may safely make a law applicable to such cases in the

ingenious pleas and the help of an advocate the law enables a man to

advocate, let any one who likes indict him for malpractices of law and

incurable. If any one convict in a court of law a stranger or a

the military life; the law shall be as follows:-He shall serve in

still the law must attempt to define the different kinds in some

force, and him who voluntarily lets his shield go. Let the law then be

impossible, and therefore let us make a law as nearly like this as

cowardice. And let the law be in the following terms:-When a man is

manifest the wickedness of human nature, let the law ordain that he

city and the law empower to exact the sum due; and if they forfeit

leisure at the doings of other men; and these no law shall hinder. For

court of law of interfering about education and the laws, And if he

the law which says, "Do no service for a bribe," and let him who

them the guardians of the law may by reflection derive what is

admirable law possessing a name akin to mind (nous, nomos). And of all

there be some one guardian of the law presiding, who shall be chosen

the statesman who adopts custom as his law we must give way in certain

disobeys even a single guardian of the law shall be punished by them

are to attain this, and what law or what man will advise us to that

proposed by us, shall be a guard set according to law for the


both as the inner law of the individual soul, and finally as the

yet contains many indications that the same law is supposed to reign

ordained by law is termed by them lawful and just. This they affirm to

are easy of attainment, and are only censured by law and opinion. They

exist; the law will not allow them. And so when we have anointed him

a law to the effect that a friend should use no other familiarity to

should have to go abroad for his law and physic because he has none of

of what nature, which the law implants through education; and I mean

opinion in conformity with law about real and false dangers I call and

--this, in your opinion, is not the courage which the law ordains, and

soldiers of the opinion which the law ordains about the true nature of

Well, I said, the law says that when a man is acquitted he is free

from guilt, and what holds at law may hold in argument.

to take in hand any law about the possession and nurture of women

The law which we then enacted was agreeable to nature, and therefore

Here, then, is one difficulty in our law about women, which we may

possibility as well as the utility of such a law are far more

And the same law will apply to any one of those within the

the Pythian oracle, the law will allow them.

to him which the law commands; and is the violator of these duties

Then let us enact this law also for our guardians:-that they are

courts of law or in society.

Then you will make a law that they shall have such an education as

And from being a keeper of the law he is converted into a breaker of

evil of births. For when your guardians are ignorant of the law of

instead of battling and railing in the law courts or assembly,

They next proceed to make a law which fixes a sum of money as the

refuse to curtail by law the extravagance of the spendthrift youth

necessity also, because some law forbids you to hold office or be a

more in that. His life has neither law nor order; and this

distance from law and order?

spurious; he has run away from the region of law and reason, and taken

Yes, he said, the purpose of the law is manifest.

There is a principle of law and reason in him which bids him resist,

The law would say that to be patient under suffering is best, and

to enter, either in epic or lyric verse, not law and the reason of

to move according to the law of this reversed motion the fourth; the


6. It may seem reasonable to lay down as a law that when any

constructed out of ugliness; its law must run throughout.

one law applies.

Principle: thus a law of Justice goes with all that exists in the

drags the mid-soul with it, though the law is that the Soul may

itself be what it is: the law is, "some life after the Primal Life,

Providence; it scorns every law known to us; immemorial virtue and all

escape what stands decreed in the law of the Universe.

an outcome of disorder and law of lawlessness, as if evil were a

from without: it is because order, law and reason exist that there can

be disorder; breach of law and unreason exist because Reason exists-

unwarlike: the law decrees that to come safe out of battle is for

And that law enjoins that those who have made themselves good

But the law does not warrant the wicked in expecting that their

shape; for in the law of things this ultimate depth, neighbouring with

13. The Ineluctable, the Kosmic law is, thus, rooted in a

implied in the law of the universal; for the universal broods

suffering entailed by ill deeds done: the divine law is ineluctable,

chose. And the law decrees, also, the intensity and the duration of

necessarily self-sympathetic: it is under a law of reason, and

the ordered system by the general law that the things of this sphere

as a wisdom uttering order and law to a state, in full knowledge of

what the citizens will do and why, and in perfect adaptation of law to

gives to its own part by the natural law we have cited since the

ineluctable law that one who has helped himself to what lies open to

everything by a noiseless road coming to pass according to a law which

Empedocles- where he says that it is law for faulty souls to

by an external law of nature, and they are due to the movement of a

may not stay inclosed, the need and law of Nature bring it to its

these to which it gives law and movement and life, and it must of

self-continuous whole under a law of discrimination by which the

radii from that centre are traced upon us to be our law or we are

things as virtue, knowledge, institutions, law and custom- and thence,

the primal legislator to Being or, rather, is itself the law of Being.

and a rational law [logos], God will be bodiless, the Creative Power


What law does vouch mine own.

tricks, which are their own right by the law of nature.

And therefore law shall scorn him further trial

Stronger than ever law could make; this secret

Therefore by law thou art condemn'd to die.

ANGELO. Sir, sir, I shall have law in Ephesus,

Well ratified by law and heraldry,

Plautus too light. For the law of writ and the liberty, these are

Yet must not we put the strong law on him.

the old pike, I see no reason in the law of nature but I may snap

The majesty and power of law and justice,

And give her as a prey to law and shame,

Receive the sentence of the law for sins

I cannot justify whom the law condemns.

JOHN. [Aside] Mass, 'twill be sore law then; for he was thrust in

Why the law Salique, that they have in France,

The founder of this law and female bar.

By law of nature and of nations, 'longs

law of arms; 'tis as arrant a piece of knavery, mark you now, as

there is any martial law in the world.

And therefore frame the law unto my will.

BASSET. Villain, thou knowest the law of arms is such

I crave the benefit of law of arms.

That warranteth by law to be thy privilege:

The law I bear no malice for my death:

For if the trial of the law o'ertake ye

Into the law of children. Be not fond

The canon of the law is laid on him,

PANDULPH. There's law and warrant, lady, for my curse.

CONSTANCE. And for mine too; when law can do no right,

Let it be lawful that law bar no wrong;

law cannot give my child his kingdom here,

Therefore, since law itself is perfect wrong,

How can the law forbid my tongue to curse?

When every case in law is right,

By th' law of arms thou wast not bound to answer

BEROWNE. A dangerous law against gentility.

And dotes on what he looks, 'gainst law or duty.

By holy human law and common troth,

Grief dallied with nor law nor limit knows.

And pull'd the law upon you.

POMPEY. If the law would allow it, sir.

ESCALUS. But the law will not allow it, Pompey; nor it shall not be

heads; if this law hold in Vienna ten year, I'll rent the fairest

ANGELO. The law hath not been dead, though it hath slept.

Accountant to the law upon that pain.

ANGELO. You seem'd of late to make the law a tyrant;

Bidding the law make curtsy to their will;

That thus can make him bite the law by th' nose

die by the law than my son should be unlawfully born. But, O, how

was put down, and the worser allow'd by order of law a furr'd

greater forfeit to the law than Angelo who hath sentenc'd him. To

The law against it! But that her tender shame

The very mercy of the law cries out

Or else the law of Athens yields you up-

I beg the law, the law upon his head.

Wrest once the law to your authority;

The court awards it and the law doth give it.

The law allows it and the court awards it.

The law hath yet another hold on you.

Of law and course of direct session

Thy state of law is bondslave to the law;

Keep law and form and due proportion,

ANNE. Villain, thou knowest nor law of God nor man:

Hath in the tables of his law commanded

Samp. Let us take the law of our sides; let them begin.

Samp. [aside to Gregory] Is the law of our side if I say ay?

His fault concludes but what the law should end,

Thy fault our law calls death; but the kind Prince,

The world affords no law to make thee rich;

SECOND SENATOR. Most true; the law shall bruise him.

If by this crime he owes the law his life,

For law is strict, and war is nothing more.

SATURNINUS. Traitor, if Rome have law or we have power,

Because the law hath ta'en revenge on them.

But even with law against the wilful sons

That died by law for murder of our brother

There is a law in each well-order'd nation

law in Illyria; though I struck him first, yet it's no matter for

apples. But, come; since this bar in law makes us friends, it

By law of nature thou art bound to breed,

Poor queen of love, in thine own law forlorn,

The law of friendship bids me to conceal;

By law and process of great Nature thence

let the law go whistle; I warrant you.


fleets, all things were linked together; there was law for the

the habit of obedience, contrary to the law of discipline, do you

character of the ambassador, and the law of nations have been violated

the law of treason, the name of which indeed was known in ancient

Meantime the law of treason was gaining strength. Appuleia

Beyond question the law was beaten, but not at once, and only by a few

me a fuller discussion of the origin of law and of the methods by

twenty years of continuous strife; custom or law there was none; the

for quaestorship five years earlier than the law allowed. His excuse

of all law when, in the forum and on the threshold of the Senate

under the law of treason."

condemn all this and demand some restriction. But if a law were to

had a dispute with a private person, it was decided in the law courts.

to the prosecutors, as the law required, and the remainder to the

mother, who are alone comprehended under the law of treason. I am said

to the city of Rome, I who respect as law all his actions and sayings,

of a law passed by Caesar the Dictator defining the terms of lending

money and of holding estates in Italy, a law long obsolete because the

side, a master of law both divine and human, whose position was secure

the same law to capital punishment.

gains. If law suits turned to no one's profit, there would be fewer of

resolution was being framed to bring the guilty under the law of

certain ladies of rank. He introduced too a law restraining the

Saenian law had chosen into their place. These acts, as being

other countries, and there is no law to forbid it. Marriages of

elaborate flattery was paid to Domitius. A law was passed, adopting

revived, along with the penalty of the Cincian law against persons who

condemned by the sentence of the Senate under "the law concerning

first occasion on which the law of treason was revived, and men

Roscian law extended only to fourteen rows in the theatre. The same


good. Thus fulfilling the highest law thou shalt regain traces of

"I cannot do it, General. I cannot, because the law is stronger than

her in one clear and simple law- the law of love and self-sacrifice

of forgiveness of injuries and love of our neighbors, the law in honor

same law of love and forgiveness, a priest, gave the soldier a cross

all the law courts of the world, but which those who committed them

by the law of coincidence thousands of minute causes fitted in and

He alone did not obey the law of immutability in the enchanted,

events that subsequently occur, the law of reciprocity comes in,

freedom to the law of God," the voice had said. "Simplicity is

the law courts are closed; things have to be put in order, and we will

"I know the law very well, mates! I'll take the matter to the

French... He'll show you what law is!" the mob were saying as if

"Where there's law there's injustice," put in the little man.

the physical law of gravity, their enormous mass drew the individual

the most melancholy law of necessity, but considered themselves heroes

"Well, everything is going to ruin! Robbery in the law courts, in

Christian men professing the law of love of their fellows slew one

the highest, we see a law by which men, to take associated action,

of this simple and obvious law would suffice and we should have

finished our argument. But the law of history relates to man. A

particle of matter cannot tell us that it does not feel the law of

attraction or repulsion and that that law is untrue, but man, who is

If there be a single law governing the actions of men, free will

philosophic- we find a general law of necessity to which he (like

by one and the same law (whether he observes the necessity of taking

and always expects the law that he has learned to be fulfilled.

thousands of years ago that same law of necessity which with such

from the point of view of reason man is subject to the law of

how man's consciousness of freedom is to be reconciled with the law of

of man's free will and partly of the law of inevitability.

to the law of necessity, to one who knows the circumstances in which

in society seems less guilty and his action more due to the law of

devoid of freedom and entirely subject to the law of inevitability.

action of a man subject solely to the law of inevitability without any

And so to imagine the action of a man entirely subject to the law of

To imagine a man perfectly free and not subject to the law of

sciences have proceeded. When Newton enunciated the law of gravity

From the time the law of Copernicus was discovered and proved, the

ancients. By disproving that law it might have been possible to retain

Ptolemaic worlds. But even after the discovery of the law of

laws of astronomy destroyed religion, and he utilized the law of

Just so it now seems as if we have only to admit the law of

So too, like Voltaire in his time, uninvited defenders of the law of

inevitability today use that law as a weapon against religion,

though the law of inevitability in history, like the law of Copernicus